Junius, Franciscus

Junius, Franciscus,

1589–1677, French philologist; son of Franciscus Junius (1545–1602), French Huguenot theologian. The younger Franciscus Junius was born in Heidelberg and lived chiefly in Holland and England. A pioneer in the study of Gothic and Anglo-Saxon, he owned and edited a unique manuscript of Anglo-Saxon poems formerly attributed to CædmonCædmon
, fl. 670, English poet. He was reputed by Bede to be the author of early English versions of various Old Testament stories. According to Bede, Cædmon was an ignorant herder who received his poetic powers through a vision.
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—now called the Junius Manuscript (Bodleian Lib., Oxford). For a modern edition, see G. P. Krapp, The Junius Manuscript (1931).
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