Ruth Bader Ginsburg

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Ginsburg, Ruth (Joan) Bader,

1933–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1993–), b. Brooklyn, N.Y. A graduate (1954) of Cornell, she attended Harvard Law School, then transferred to Columbia Law School, graduating in 1959. She clerked in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, taught at Rutgers Law School (1963–72), and became (1972) the first woman tenured professor at Columbia. During the 1970s, as general counsel for the American Civil Liberties UnionAmerican Civil Liberties Union
(ACLU), nonpartisan organization devoted to the preservation and extension of the basic rights set forth in the U.S. Constitution. Founded (1920) by such prominent figures as Jane Addams, Helen Keller, Judah Magnus, and Norman Thomas, the ACLU grew
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's Women's Rights Project, she argued a series of cases before the Supreme Court that strengthened constitutional safeguards of sexual equality; she has been called the "Thurgood MarshallMarshall, Thurgood,
1908–93, U.S. lawyer and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1967–91), b. Baltimore. He received his law degree from Howard Univ. in 1933. In 1936 he joined the legal staff of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
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 of women's rights." In 1980 President Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, where she displayed a belief in judicial restraint and took a position between sharply defined liberal and conservative factions. Nominated to the Supreme Court by President Clinton in 1993 to replace Byron WhiteWhite, Byron Raymond,
1917–2002, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1962–93), b. Fort Collins, Colo. An All-America football player nicknamed "Whizzer" who later starred as a professional, White was also a member of Phi Beta Kappa at the Univ.
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, Ginsburg has continued to act as a centrist, eschewing judicial activism.


See L. Hirshman, Sisters In Law: How Sandra Day O'Connor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg Went to the Supreme Court and Changed the World (2015).

Ginsburg, Ruth Bader

(1933–  ) Supreme Court justice; born in New York City. She studied law at Harvard and earned her J.D. at Columbia Law School (1959). She taught at Rutgers University Law School (1963–72) and Columbia University Law School (1972–80). She was a circuit judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for Washington, D.C. (1980–93). She led the Women's Rights Project while at Columbia and she won several important cases before the Supreme Court during the 1970s. Nominated and confirmed as a justice of the Supreme Court (1993), she was the second woman (after Sandra Day O'Connor) to sit on the nation's highest bench.
References in periodicals archive ?
Justice Ginsburg is a person of intelligence and accomplishment who has devoted her life to the cause of breaking down barriers and actually moving the nation toward a broader understanding of freedom.
After Justice Ginsburg, Justice Scalia was the second most popular choice.
Justice Ginsburg authored a dissenting opinion joined by Justice Sotomayor.
The first woman to serve on the Court, Sandra Day O'Connor, named by President Ronald Reagan in 1981, was a moderate Republican who was more conservative than the second woman, Justice Ginsburg.
Justice Ginsburg authored an opinion, different parts of which were joined by different Justices.
The court, as Justice Ginsburg pointed out in her dissent, noted that the attempt to reduce Latino voting strength bore "the mark of intentional discrimination that could give rise to an equal protection violation.
10) In her opinion, Justice Ginsburg quickly dismissed the Sanguinetti language as dicta, stating the issue of permanence was not relevant to the holding in that case.
lecture, Justice Ginsburg wrote that she would rank Justice
Arguably, those sixty-four pages are dicta, because--as Justice Ginsburg pointed out--they are unnecessary to the Court's holding.
11) While Justice Ginsburg and the majority abrogated proximate causation in the FELA context, they explicitly refused to reject the foreseeability test entirely.
If Justice Ginsburg gives him the opportunity, we can demand that confirmation be blocked.

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