justice of the peace

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justice of the peace,

official presiding over a type of police courtpolice court,
court with jurisdiction limited to minor offenses, chiefly the least grave misdemeanors and breaches of municipal ordinances. In practice the trial is usually held before a judge sitting without a jury.
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. In some states of the United States the justices, who are usually elected, have jurisdiction over petty civil and criminal cases as well as having such duties as the issuing of search warrants and the performance of marriage services. The justice of the peace was formerly of greater importance than he is at present. The establishment of the office throughout England in 1360 represented a further extension of royal authority to local government, especially to rural areas. The justices, selected from the gentry, enjoyed extensive administrative and police authority, and they had judicial power over most crimes. The office was established also in the American colonies, but by the latter part of the 19th cent. it had been relegated to a much less central role, especially in administrative areas, in both England and the United States.

justice of the peace

1. (in Britain) a lay magistrate, appointed by the crown or acting ex officio, whose function is to preserve the peace in his area, try summarily such cases as are within his jurisdiction, and perform miscellaneous administrative duties
2. (in Australia and New Zealand) a person authorised to administer oaths, attest instruments, and take declarations
References in periodicals archive ?
Blackerby, Samuel, The First Part of the Justice of Peace His Companion (1730).
Cunningham, Timothy, The Practice of a Justice of Peace.
Dudley and Ward, John Lord Viscount & Cunningham, Timothy, The Law of a Justice of Peace and Parish Officer, Vol.
Dudley and Ward, John Lord Viscount & Cunningham, Timothy, The Precedents and Supplement to the Law of a Justice of Peace and Parish Officer (1770).
The National Congress of Justice of Peace proposed by the Secretary of the Ministry of Justice President Counselor Mr.
After the implementation in the Justice of Peace Courts is complete," explained Judge Lewis, "Hill County will evaluate other functionality built into the JustWare | Court's software to see if it fits the needs of other offices.
He further contended that powers of justice of peace under Section 22-A/ 22-B were no longer effective.
Court has raised questions if the powers rested with justice of peace are judicial then what impact they will leave on powers of high court.
Amicus Curiae Farogh Nasim took the plea that due to police injustices, registration of cases after taking bribery and under orders of influential persons, powers have been delegated to justice of peace.
Khawaja Haris argued that presidents and prime ministers of some countries are justice of peace.
According to Jang Group lawyer Faisal Iqbal Advocate, the order of the Justice of Peace was not correct and petitioner Arshad Butt was not an aggrieved party in the case.
According to Faisal Iqbal, Arshad Butt had not even approached SHO Margalla for the case to be registered which is a pre-requisite before approaching the Justice of Peace.

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