Aside from the throwing-stones-from-glass-houses problem, attacking Luther personally doesn't work because most Protestants don't consider him a saint or imitable except insofar as they think that he "rediscovered" the original Pauline understanding of justification by faith
and rejected an overweening papacy and a Catholic Church that had lost sight of scriptural faith.
In Italy, however, the Council of Trent's final rejection of the doctrine of justification by faith
abolished any possibility of the middle ground that Valdes had sought between Protestantism and traditional Catholicism, and the movement dwindled into non-existence.
Nigerian theologian Reynolds examines issues of the interpretation, transmission, and appropriation of the doctrine of justification by faith
alone within the context of the Lutheran Church of Christ in Nigeria, Gongola Diocese.
In the same year that Wesley wrote his summary of Cranmer's homilies he prepared a sermon, "Justification by Faith
," in which he defined justification as pardon and differentiated it from sanctification.
James' insistence that faith without works is dead is often contrasted with Paul's emphasis on justification by faith
. Martin Luther's often quoted description of James as "an epistle of straw" that he would like to throw into the oven reflects his understanding of James as an opponent of Paul.
Looking first at the historical context and his social thought, then at his biblical studies and theological thought, they explore such topics as AmericanChristian values, between God and Japan, the legacy of his patriotism in Tsukamoto Toraji and Yanaihara Tadao, his biblical research method, and justification by faith
in his Study of Romans: A Semantic Analysis of Romans 3:19-31.
The antidote is justification by faith
. God "will justify the circumcised on the ground of faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith.
Only from such perspectives can genuine transformation take place and theological propositions such the "Covenant" in Reformed theology or the teachings of "Justification by Faith
" in Lutheran theology be assessed and re-interpreted.
Against what he sees as Gnostic determinism, Origen asserts the freedom of the will and human responsibility while affirming Paul's language of justification by faith
. Origen sees justification as a process that begins with grace and proceeds with human cooperation and good works.
She dealt with objections against the idea of justification by faith
alone, and she argued the impossibility of a sinner to be justified by works.
Cranmer himself is thought to be the author of four of the twelve homilies in this book: "A Fruitful Exhortation to the Reading of Holy Scripture," "Of the Salvation of all Mankind by only Christ," "Of the true, lively and Christian Faith," and "Of Good Works annexed unto Faith." These homilies contain Cranmer's essential thought on key matters of Reformed theology such as justification by faith
. That the present Anglican/Episcopal church could have lost sight of these homilies is a disgrace.
For a generation, Luther scholars and Lutheran theologians have fought over what Martin Luther meant by "justification by faith
alone." Is the forgiveness and renewal of the sinner (justification) centered in being declared righteous--often called a "forensic" approach to justification because it is like a not guilty verdict in a court (in foro)--or does one become righteous by the indwelling of Christ in the human being?