Justin II

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Justin II,

d. 578, Byzantine emperor (565–78), nephew and successor to Justinian I. He allied himself with the Turks and resumed the wars with Persia. During his reign Slavs and Avars attacked the empire, and Italy was invaded by the Lombards under AlboinAlboin
, d. 572?, first Lombard king in Italy (569–572?). With the Avars he defeated the Gepidae (see Germans). He then led (568) an army across the Alps into Italy, took (569) Milan, and after a three-year siege conquered Pavia, which became his capital.
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. He severely persecuted the Monophysites. Subject to fits of insanity, he adopted (574) the general Tiberius as his son. Tiberius was made caesar and exercised power until he succeeded Justin (578) on the latter's death.
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References in periodicals archive ?
His topics include the image of the Avars in Byzantium, Justin II's policy and the establishment of the Avar Khaganate, the Byzantine counter-attack in the Balkans, the settlement of the Croats and the Serbs in the Balkans, Christian symbols in the Avar Khaganate, possible channels of communication between Byzantium and the Avars after 626, and the "Manner of the Avars" in the Strategikon.
After this the book moves back to the Eastern empire, the role of Justin II, the Persian threat, the rise of Mohammed and his new militaristic religion which was 'engaged with wider debates and concerns that were coming to dominate the religious life of the Mediterranean world', the 'western' threat to Constantinople, the Arab incursions into modern Spain, Merovingian rule to the north and the rise of England as 'the first "nation" of Europe'.
Peter's, Vatican City, the reliquary Cross of Justin II (the Crux Vaticana).
The bulk of these volumes concentrates on the reigns of Justin I, Justinian I, Justin II, Tiberius II, and Maurice.
In laudem Justini, the four books of which eulogize Justinian I's successor Justin II, was written after Corippus arrived in Constantinople.
Sophia (Hagia Sophia) in Constantinople; supervised the restructuring of Roman law, producing the Codex (a collection of existing laws), the Digest (a collation of jurists' opinions), and the Institutes (a handbook for use in law schools), which together presented a Christianized and more humane body of Roman civil law for the empire; his attempts to bring the Monophysites of the Levant and Egypt back into the Orthodox fold (540-560) were unsuccessful; repelled a serious incursion by the Bulgars and their allies only by calling Belisarius out of retirement (559); jailed Belisarius on unfounded charges of treason (562) but rehabilitated him (563); died in Constantinople (November 14, 565) and was succeeded by his nephew Justin II.
Thirty-two of the most revered and precious objects from the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticano, Museo Sacra, the Pinacoteca Vaticana, the Tesoro della Sagrestia Pontificana, and the Cross of Justin II from the Treasury of St.