Justo Rufino Barrios


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Barrios, Justo Rufino

 

Born 1835 in San Lorenzo; died Apr. 2,1885, in Chalchuapa. Guatemalan statesman and political figure.

In the years 1871–73, Barrios was commander in chief of the army and from 1873 to 1885, president. Although he established a dictatorial regime and proceeded to suppress all opposition, Barrios nevertheless promoted the economic development of the country. He also significantly weakened the influence of the church and placed it under government control. Barrios tried to unify the Central American countries in a confederation. However, these plans met with opposition and led to a war with El Salvador. In the very first battle Barrios was defeated and killed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The project would be built at km 294 on the highway to the Atlantic, in at Justo Rufino Barrios, opposite the Municipal Cemetery of Puerto Barrios.
Justo Rufino Barrios came to power in a coup in 1871 and worked to modernize the country and improve trade.
As he explained in an interview with Esther Allen, "I carried the research up to the United States because I found out a marvelous story about the dictator at the time that Marti was in Guatemala: Justo Rufino Barrios, who fell in love with an eleven-year old girl, when he was about forty.
Such national leaders as Mexico's Porfirio Diaz, Bartolome Mitre in Argentina, and Guatemala's Justo Rufino Barrios, he points out, saw foreign investment as the answer to their economic troubles and gave U.S.
Woodward argues that the foundations of all succeeding governments, from the liberal dictatorship of Justo Rufino Barrios to the present-including economic control by unified elites, the military as the Latinos' means of social mobility, and even the alienation of Indian land and labor - were all established during Carrera's regime.
Carlos Samayoa, Controller at Ferrocarriles de Guatemala (Fegua), said the urban railway consists of a first section going from Centra Norte, Zone 17, to the Central Station, and a second axis to the south, to Justo Rufino Barrios zona 21, but the idea is to expand to the municipality of Villa Canales.