Joseph Justus Scaliger

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Scaliger, Joseph Justus


Born Aug. 5, 1540, in Agen; died Jan. 21, 1609, in Leiden. French humanist of Italian descent.

Scaliger became a Calvinist in 1562 and took an active part in the Wars of Religion in France, fleeing to Geneva after the Massacre of St. Bartholomew. In 1593 he took up residence in Leiden, where he taught at the university. He won renown for his commentaries on Varro, Vergil, Cato, and other classical authors and for his studies in comparative linguistics. He laid the groundwork for a scientific chronology of classical antiquity with the treatise De emendatione temporum (1583) and developed a system to standardize chronology.


Bernays, J. J. J. Scaliger. Berlin, 1855.
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Anna Skolimowska's study of the Vaticinium riuturae Poloniae shows that this poem endured as political propaganda for almost 200 years, while Walter Ludwig's publication of a previously unknown poem by Joseph Justus Scaliger, In tyrannidem Papatus sive Superstitio, documents conflicts and relationships within the international scholarly network.
Among the topics are the legacy of Josephus Justus Scaliger in Leiden University Library catalogues 1609-1716, the library of the Breton jurist and historian Bertrand d'Arentre in 1582, the book inventories of Servite authors and the survey of the Roman Congregation of the Index in counter-reformation Italy, the book inventory of 16th-century Krakow bookbinder Maciej Przywilcki, and the inventory of Beatriz Pacheco's bookshop in Santiago de Compostela in 1563.
In Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (Dover, 1963), Richard Hinckley Allen claims that French scholar Joseph Justus Scaliger found it on a Persian sphere.
Into this perplexing mess stepped a remarkable scholar, a Huguenot named Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609).
The glosses on it of Josephus Justus Scaliger (1565) were one of the first examples of modern classical scholarship.
Poet, textual critic, scholar of chronology, and fierce defender of his family genealogy, Joseph Justus Scaliger (1540-1609) was one of the great Neo-Latinists of his day.