Juvarra, Filippo(fēlēp`pō yo͞ovär`rä), 1678–1736, Italian architect of the late baroque and early rococo periods. Trained in the studio of Carlo Fontana in Rome, he entered (1714) the service of Victor Amadeus II of Savoy and was soon appointed first architect to the king. Juvarra acquired an unparalleled reputation throughout Europe. In 1719 he was in Portugal, planning the palace at Mafra for King John V, after which he traveled to London and Paris. He died in Madrid, where he had gone (1735) to design a royal palace for Philip V. The main body of his work, however, is in Piedmont, where he planned many royal residences and churches. Among them are the Palazzo Madama, Turin; the castle at Stupinigi; and the churches of the Superga near Turin and of the Carmine, Turin. Drawing mainly from Italian and German Renaissance and baroque works, Juvarra integrated a variety of elements, achieving unity and grandeur of design.
See R. Pommer, Eighteenth Century Architecture in Piedmont (1967).
(also F. Juvara). Born Mar. 27, 1678, in Messina; died Feb. 1, 1736, in Madrid. Italian architect.
Juvarra studied in Rome between 1703 and 1714 under C. Fontana. He worked in Messina in 1714 and primarily in Turin from 1714 to 1735; in 1719 and 1720 he designed a palace in Portugal. In 1735 he moved to Madrid. Juvarra’s works in Turin include the facade and staircase of the Palazzo Madama (1718–21), the reconstruction of the Palazzo Reale (1720–21), and the Church of Santa Maria del Carmine (1732–36). He is also known for the majestic Superga monastery and church complex (1715–31) and for the hunting lodge at Stupinigi (1729–34), both of which are located near Turin.
In his works Juvarra combined features of the late baroque (and partially of the rococo) with the tendency toward classically clear forms and rectilinear layouts that was characteristic of early 18th-century Italian architecture.