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Kütahya(kütä`yä), city (1990 pop. 131,286), capital of Kütahya prov., W central Turkey. An agricultural market center producing sugar beets, fruit, and cotton. Iron, lignite, mercury, and chromium are mined nearby. The city has been famous since the 16th cent. for the manufacture of ceramics. It has a hydroelectric plant. Known in ancient history as Cotyaeum, it was occupied by the Seljuk Turks soon after the battle of Manzikert (1071). In the 15th cent. it passed to the Ottomans. A former spelling is Kutaiah.
a city in western Turkey, the administrative center of the Kütahya Vilayet (Province). Population, 62,100 (1970). Kütahya has a railroad station and is a highway junction. Its industries include food (flour, sugar, and vegetable oil), chemicals (acids, mineral fertilizers), and ceramics (earthenware, tiles, and roof tiles). Brown coal and magnesite are mined in the area.