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Mount Godwin-Austen,

peak, 28,251 ft (8,611 m) high, in the KarakorumKarakorum
or Karakoram,
mountain range, extending c.300 mi (480 km), between the Indus and Yarkant rivers, N Kashmir, S central Asia; SE extension of the Hindu Kush. It covers disputed territory, held by China on the north, India on the east, and Pakistan on the west.
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 range, N Kashmir, on the China-Pakistan border; second highest peak in the world. It was discovered and measured by the Survey of India in 1856, and first named for English topographer Henry Godwin-AustenGodwin-Austen, Henry Haversham
, 1834–1923, English topographer and geologist. An officer in the British army (1851–77), he was assigned to several government surveys in N India, especially in the Himalayas.
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, who explored and surveyed the region. "K2" is taken from the first letter of Karakorum, and the number indicates that it was the second peak in the range to be measured. Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli, members of an Italian team led by Ardito Desio, reached the summit in 1954.


See E. Viesturs and D. Roberts, K2: Life and Death on the World's Most Dangerous Mountain (2009).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


a mountain in the Karakoram Range on the Kashmir-Xinjiang Uygur AR border: the second highest mountain in the world. Height: 8611 m (28 250 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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