Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Solger

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Solger, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand

 

Born Nov. 28, 1780, in Schwedt; died Oct. 25, 1819, in Berlin. German idealist philosopher and aesthetician. Representative of romanticism. Professor at the universities of Frankfurt (1809) and Berlin (1811).

Solger, under the influence of Spinoza and Schelling, whom he heard speak in Jena, evolved from subjective idealism in the spirit of Fichte to objective idealism (Philosophical Conversations, 1817). His most important works on aesthetics were Enrin: Four Dialogues on Beauty and Art (vols. 1–2, 1815) and his posthumously published Lectures on Aesthetics (1829). In these works Solger interpreted the concept of romantic irony introduced by German romantics in the spirit of objective idealism, identifying it with the dialectical moment of the negation of the negation. In this regard Solger was one of the precursors of Hegel, who thought highly of him (see Estetika, vol. 1, Moscow, 1968, pp. 74–75).

WORKS

Nachgelassene Schriften undBriefwechsel, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1826.
Tieck and Solger: The Complete Correspondence. New York-Berlin, 1933.

REFERENCES

Memnon (I. I. Davydov). “Razbor sochineniia Sol’gera.” Vestnik Evropy, 1822, nos. 13–14.
Heller, J. E. Solgers Philosophic der ironischen Dialektik. Kirchhain, 1928. (Dissertation.)
Boucher, M. K. W. F. Solger. Paris, 1934.
Herzog, R. Die Bewahrung der Vernunft: Eine Untersuchung der Metaphysik K. W. F. Solgers. Munich, 1967.

G. M. FRIDLENDER