Kaaba


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Kaaba

or

Caaba

(both: kä`bə or kä`əbə) [Arab.,=cube], the central, cubic, stone structure, covered by a black cloth, within the Great Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The sacred nature of the site predates Islam: tradition says that the Kaaba was built by Adam and rebuilt by Abraham and the descendants of Noah. Also known as the House of God, it is the center of the circumambulations performed during the hajjhajj
, the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. Its annual observance corresponds to the major holy day id al-adha, itself a commemoration of Abraham's readiness to sacrifice his son on Divine orders.
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, and it is toward the Kaaba that Muslims face in their prayers (see liturgy, Islamicliturgy, Islamic,
mandatory ritual prayer in Islam (salat) is performed five times a day at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and night. It requires ritual cleanliness, and is preceded by ablutions. The salat is also preceded by a call to prayer announced by a muezzin.
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). Pre-Islamic Meccans used it as a central shrine housing their many idols, most notable of which were al-Lat, al-Uzza, and Manat, collectively known as al-Gharaniq or the Daughters of God, and Hubal, a martial deity. The Black Stone, possibly of meteoric origin, is located at one of its outside corners. Also dating from pre-Islamic times as a heavenly relic, this stone is venerated and ritually kissed. Worn hollow by the centuries of veneration, the stone is held together by a wide silver band. The actual structure of the Kaaba has been demolished and rebuilt several times in the course of its history. Around the Kaaba is a restricted area, haram, extending in some directions as far as 12 mi (19 km), into which only Muslims may enter.

Kaaba

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Kaaba means "square building" or "cube." It refers to the Islamic shrine in Mecca that Muslims face when they pray. The shrine is built around the famous Black Stone, and it is said to have been built by Abraham and his son, Ishmael. It is the focus and goal of all Muslim pilgrims when they make their way to Mecca during their pilgrimage.

Kaaba

 

(from Arabic ka’aba al-qubba), Muslim shrine in Mecca. The Kaaba has the shape of a cube and is located in the center of a rectangular courtyard. The eastern corner of its outer wall contains a niche with the Black Stone (an ancient fetish). The spring of Zamzam flows beside it. In pre-Islamic times it was a sacred place to the pagan tribes of the Hijaz; according to tradition, 300 idols, to which different tribes paid homage, stood around it. Islam recognized the Kaaba’s sanctity. After the year 630 the idols were destroyed, and the Kaaba became a major shrine and place of pilgrimmage exclusively for Muslims.

Kaaba

A cube-shaped, flat-roofed building in the center of the Great Mosque at Mecca; the most sacred shrine of the Muslims.

Kaaba

central shrine at Mecca. [Islamic Religion: Brewer Dictionary, 513]
References in periodicals archive ?
'Guests dream of seeing the Kaaba 24 hours a day,' added the hotelier.
An old photo showing the process of making the Kaaba's cover Kiswa in the 1970s.
Parmi les rites obligatoires figure la circumambulation, qui consiste a effectuer sept tours autour de la Kaaba en touchant la pierre, apres la priere de midi.
He pointed out that Adviser to the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and Governor of Makkah Region Prince Khalid Al-Faisal's handing over the Kiswat on behalf of he Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, to the chief custodian of the Holy Kaaba, embodies the great keenness of the State to provide all its capabilities to King Abdulaziz Complex for the Manufacture of Kiswat.
Additionally, the Kaaba's doors were repaired, along with the facility to drain rainwater from its roof, in accordance with international standards using latest technology.
The items on display highlight the religious and spiritual significance of the Holy Kaaba and affirm the deep effect the site has had on visitors for many centuries.
However, Abdul Malik Al Sheebi, a senior caretaker of the Kaaba, denied the claim and said that his family did not own a piece of the Kiswah, the silk and cotton cloth, Saudi daily Makkah reported on Sunday.
Occupying a large portion of the site, the orientation of all rooms and apartments maximise and optimise views towards the Holy Kaaba -- the main focal point for every visitor.
King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz also attended the prayer held in Kaaba.
Flash floods had inundated all parts of the city, he said, and police were trying to stop people from approaching the Kaaba.
Monumental luxury hotel towers crowd around the Grand Mosque where the Kaaba is located, dwarfing it.
This will be done during the second and third phases of the Jabal Al Kaaba project," he noted.