Kabardino-Balkar Republic

(redirected from Kabardino-Balkaria)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Kabardino-Balkaria: North Ossetia, Karachay-Cherkessia

Kabardino-Balkar Republic

(kăb'ərdē`nō-bălkâr`) or

Kabardino-Balkaria,

constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 760,000), c.4,800 sq mi (12,400 sq km), SE European Russia, in the northern part of the Caucasus Mts. NalchikNalchik
, city (1989 pop. 235,000), capital of Kabardino-Balkar Republic, S European Russia, on the northern slope of the Greater Caucasus. A health and tourist resort, it is the gateway to the Mt. Elbrus region.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is the capital. The area is a largely unsettled, roadless mountain wilderness. The population—Kabards, Balkars, Russians, and Ukrainians—is concentrated in the narrow gorges of the streams flowing into the Terek River. The Kabards speak a Caucasian language and are Muslims (Sunni); the Balkars speak a Turkic language. Kabards and Balkars make up 57% of the population; Russians make up 30%. Livestock and poultry are raised, and wheat, corn, hemp, and fruit are grown. Much of the republic's industry is related to agricultural processing. Lumbering and mining are also important.

The Kabards were known in the 9th cent. They occupied the land in the foothills of the central Caucasus between the 13th and 15th cent. It is not known when the Balkars settled. They have a mixed Black Bulgar, Alan, and Cuman heritage. The Kabard area became a Muscovite protectorate in 1557. Its annexation by Russia began with the treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji (1774) and was completed in 1827. The area was organized as an region in 1922 and became an autonomous republic in 1936. In 1944 the Balkars, accused of collaborating with the Germans, were deported, and their area, the upper Baksan valley, was ceded to the Georgian SSR. The area was then renamed Kabardinian Autonomous SSR. In 1957, their exile having been ended, the Balkars began to return and the area assumed its old name. Karbardino-Balkar became a full republic in 1991, and was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2015 est. pop. 143,888,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The largest country in the world by area, Russia is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus,
..... Click the link for more information.
). In 2005 the violence in nearby Chechnya spilled over into the republic when militants with ties to the Chechen rebels mounted coordinated attacks in Nalchik, and in subsequent years the region experienced fighting between Islamic militants and security forces.

Kabardino-Balkar Republic

a constituent republic of S Russia, on the N side of the Caucasus Mountains. Capital: Nalchik. Pop.: 900 500 (2002). Area: 12 500 sq. km (4825 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Amankulov noted that many sporting events are held in honor of the celebration of the 90th anniversary of the Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov and one of them is the ascent of the leading climbers of Kyrgyzstan to the nameless summit of Kabardino-Balkaria to establish a tablet with the name of Chingiz Aitmatov on November 16.
Bottayev, 50, was elected lawmaker of the Kabardino-Balkaria region from the United Russia party last September.
His tactics though have also led to the diffusion of radicalism into the neighboring republics of Dagestan, Ingushetia, and Kabardino-Balkaria in particular which have made of up the core of the Caucasus Emirate, known locally as Imarat Kavkaz.
The event ended on September 26 with a concert of 16 opera singers from Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Tatarstan, Turkmenistan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Sakharov Yakutia, Chuvashia and Khakassia.
Todo mundo coincide en la autoria de los brutales actos; se apuntan terroristas islamicos procedentes de las cercanas republicas autonomas del Caucaso: Ingushetia (los grupos islamicos han incrementado las acciones terroristas desde 2009); Kabardino-Balkaria; Abjasia, Osetia del Norte (terroristas chechenos atacaron en 2004 varias escuelas causando 334 muertos, 186 ninos); Osetia del Sur; Chechenia (el presidente Ramzan Kadirov, gobierna con mano de hierro apoyado por grupos paramilitares); y Daguestan, donde las milicias islamistas, aliadas con los chechenos han declarado la sharia en algunas regiones.
"No se trata solo de Chechenia, sino de Ingushetia, Daguestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, y toda la region del Caucaso norte, que se esta deslizando hacia la inestabilidad", dice Andrei Soldatov a Proceso.
Zankishiyev (known as "Ubaida"), a leader of the Islamic insurgency in the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, a region of the North Caucasus.
The 80-year old shepherd, Yusuf Alchagirov, was confronted by the bear, which lifted him off the ground and then sent him flying off a cliff, in the region of Kabardino-Balkaria, Metro.co.uk reported.
Moscow, July 15 (BNA) - One militant was killed and another escaped in shootout with policemen in Russia's North Caucasus republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, the Interior Ministry said in a statement on Monday.
The primary value of Satter's analysis is its focus on those Russian republics and regions north of the Caucasus and Central Asia, the populations of which are also largely Muslim, Kabardino-Balkaria, Adygea, Karachay-Cherkessia, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.
In Kabardino-Balkaria, ethnic Kabardins (or Circassians) account for a majority of the republic's population--57, 2 %, or 492 000 people.
Unknown assailants burst into Boris Zherukov's office in Nalchik, capital of the province of Kabardino-Balkaria, and shot him twice in the head, Russia's Investigative Committee said in a statement.