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BirthplaceLahartara near Kashi (present-day Varanasi)
Weaver, poet
Known for influenced the Bhakti movement, Sikhism, Sant Mat and Kabir Panth


(kəbēr`), 1440–1518, Indian mystic and poet. A Muslim by birth, he was a weaver in Benares (Varanasi) and early in life may have become the disciple of the famous Hindu saint Ramananda. Representing the anticlerical, antiauthoritarian Indian bhaktibhakti
[Skt.,=devotion], theistic devotion in Hinduism. Bhakti cults seem to have existed from the earliest times, but they gained strength in the first millennium A.D. The first full statement of liberation and spiritual fulfillment through devotion to a personal god is found
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 movement, Kabir opposed caste practices, ritual, image-worship, and all forms of religious sectarianism; he taught the brotherhood of Hindu and Muslim under one God. Because of his anti-institutional ideas he was subject to persecution and banished from Benares c.1495. Thereafter he traveled from one N Indian city to another and died at Maghar near Gorakhpur. Originally composed aloud by the illiterate Kabir and after his death written down by his followers, his songs in Hindi show the fusion of Muslim and Hindu devotional traditions.


See Poems of Kabir (tr. by R. Tagore, 1915, often repr.) and Songs of Kabir (tr. by A. K. Mehrota, 2011); I. A. Ezekiel, Kabir, the Great Mystic (1966).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born circa 1440; died circa 1518. Indian poet who wrote in Hindi. About 80 works are ascribed to Kabir; those included in the Adi Granth, the sacred book of the Sikhs, constitute the most authentic part of his literary legacy. Kabir’s poetic activity, which was connected with the Bhakti religious reform movement, opened a new stage in the history of Hindu literature. His poetry blends the opposing religious-mystical currents of Hinduism and Islam and the artistic traditions of the Hindu and Tajik-Persian classics.


In Russian translation:
Poemy.In R. Tagore, Sobr. soch., book 6. Petrograd, 1916.
Lirika. Moscow, 1965.


Serebriakov, I. “Kabir.” In the collection Vostochnyi aVmanakh, vol. 2. Moscow, 1958.
Istoriia indiiskikh literatur. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from English.)
Dvivedi, Hazariprasad. Kabir, 5th ed. Bombay, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Kabira," which stars Shivarajkumar in the lead role is said to be based on the life of Saint Kabir who was also a poet.
A special festival, entitled 'Kabira Yal Bahrain', will be launched today under the patronage of Goys president Hisham Mohammed Al Jowder.
There is a general consensus among oral literature scholars that oral literature thrives on performance (Finnegan, 1970; Kaschula, 2001; Furnis & Gunner, 1995, Kabira & Okombo, 1994).
An XPRESS hunt for such families in the UAE ahead of the Twins Plus Festival on March 22-23 led us to at least three cases: Asma Ozair and Jasim Ahli in Dubai who have two pairs of twins, 18 and five, besides two singles; Kabira and Abdelah Najib in Abu Dhabi with two sets of twins, 8 and 7; and a third Dubai-based family with 24-year-old triplets, 19-year-old twins and a sixth single sibling.
Theatrical performance based on Naya Qanoon and dramatised readings of Sawerey Jo Kal Ankh Mairee Khuli, Pardey ki Baatain, Dekh Kabira Roya, Uncle Sam Ke Khatoot by Naseem Abbas and Furqan Majeed would also be presented.
The physical tuber characteristics (shape, size, skin and flesh color, and eye depth), were determined according to the methods described by Kabira and Lemaga [5] and Abong' et al.
As part of the course, special lectures were delivered by family affairs and self development expert Faida Habib Kabira and Al Fursan general manager Haya al-Madadi.
On Sunday the delegation headed by Joseph Madak Both, the Director of Monitoring and Policies Office of the President and Vice President Government of Southern Sudan addressed South Sudanese Communities at Kabira Country Club in Kampala.
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The David Thompson-trained Dispol Kabira saw it out well to land the 7f handicap, and the trainer said: "She's had three outings within a week and is taking her races well.
Customer life-cycle solutions provider Kabira Technologies Inc announced on Monday a technology partnership with OSS software vendor Aktavara AB.
Dispol Kabira (2.40) created an 80-1 shock at Hamilton last week and she won't be anything like those odds as she drops in to selling grade for the first time.