Kablukov, Nikolai

Kablukov, Nikolai Alekseevich

 

Born Oct 5 (17), 1849, in the village of Marfino, in present-day Mytishchi Raion, Moscow Oblast; died Oct. 17, 1919, in Moscow, Russian economist, statistician, and public figure. Kablukov became a doctor of political economy and statistics in 1895 and a professor in 1903.

In 1871, Kablukov graduated from Moscow University. From 1874 to 1879 he worked in the Statistics Division of the Zemstvo Board (zemstvos were bodies of local self-government). From 1879 to 1881 he traveled abroad. In London he met K. Marx, F. Engels, and A. Bebel. From 1882 to 1885 he was involved in many joint statistical investigations and contributed to such journals as Iuridicheskii vestnik (Juridical Herald) and Russkaia mysl’ (Russian Thought) and such newspapers as Zemstvo, Mos-kovskii telegraf, and Russkii kur’er. From 1885 to 1907 he was the head of the Statistics Division of the Moscow Province Zemstvo Board. From 1894 to 1919 he taught at Moscow University, becoming the head of the statistics subdepartment in 1903. After the Great October Revolution, Kablukov was elected chairman of the Executive Commission of the All-Russian Congresses of Statisticians and chairman of the Council on Statistical Affairs of the Central Statistical Board (1918).

In his views, Kablukov was a Narodnik (Populist) economist. He defended the idea of the “stability” of small peasant farming in Russia. His views were sharply criticized by Lenin, especially in The Development of Capitalism in Russia (see Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 3, pp. 206–09, 247–52, 495–506, 536–41).

WORKS

Sbornik statisticheskikh svedenii po Moskovskoi gub., vols. 2, 3, 5, fasc. 1. Moscow, 1878–79. (Introductory articles, commentary, and some of the tables by Kablukov.)
Vopros o rabochikh v seVskom khoziaistve.Moscow, 1884.
Lektsii po ekonomii seVskogo khoziaistva.Moscow, 1897.
Ob usloviiakh razvitiia kresVianskogo khoziaistva v Rossii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1908. (Doctoral dissertation.)
Statistika, 5th ed. Moscow, 1922.
Melkoe khoziaistvo i kooperatsiia.Moscow, 1917.
Politicheskaia ekonomiia.Moscow, 1918.
Zadachi i sposoby sobiraniia statisticheskikh svedenii.Moscow, 1920.

REFERENCES

PamiatiN. A. Kablukova, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1925–27. (Collection of articles.)
Svavitskaia, Z. M. “Moskovskii universitet i zemskaia statistika.” In Ocherki po istorii statistiki SSSR: Sbornik 2. Moscow, 1957.

F. D. LIVSHITS

References in classic literature ?
Southcott had recently attained her five-and-twentieth blessed birthday, of whom a prophetic private in the Life Guards had heralded the sublime appearance by announcing that arrangements were made for the swallowing up of London and Westminster.
An officer of the Cuirassier Life Guards, a handsome prince who everyone predicted would become aide-de-camp to the Emperor Nicholas I and have a brilliant career, left the service, broke off his engagement to a beautiful maid of honour, a favourite of the Empress's, gave his small estate to his sister, and retired to a monastery to become a monk.
A thin young lad, an hussar of the Life Guards, who had been losing that evening, climbed on the window sill, leaned over, and looked down.
But, it being whispered that a detachment of Life Guards had been sent for, they took to their heels with great expedition, and left the street quite clear.
By the time the young ladies reached Kensington turnpike, Amelia had not forgotten her companions, but had dried her tears, and had blushed very much and been delighted at a young officer of the Life Guards, who spied her as he was riding by, and said, "A dem fine gal, egad