Kachin State


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Kachin State

(kəchĭn`), state (1983 pop. 903,982), 33,903 sq mi (87,809 sq km), extreme N Myanmar. It is a mountainous region bounded on the NW by India and on the N and E by China and traversed by tributaries of the Ayeyarwady River. MyitkyinaMyitkyina
, city (1983 pop. 56,427), capital of Kachin State, N Myanmar, on the Ayeyarwady River. A leading town of N Myanmar, it is a trade center (including teak and jade), the extreme northern terminus of a railroad line from Yangon, and formerly an important town on the Ledo
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, the capital, and BhamoBhamo
, town (1981 est. pop. 14,000), NE Myanmar, on the upper Ayeyarwady River. Located c.900 mi (1,450 km) from the sea, it is the head of navigation on the Ayeyarwady. Bhamo is the market town for the surrounding hill region and is also important for its ruby mines.
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 are the chief towns. Rice and sugarcane are grown, jade and amber mined, and timber and bamboo cut. The state is sparsely populated; Jinghpaw-speaking Kachins constitute the largest group. They maintain tribal forms of organization under chiefs, practice shifting cultivation, and are mostly animists or Christians.

The territory was never subject to the Burman kings, and after the establishment of British rule it was governed directly, not as part of British Burma. The territory was invaded (1945–47) by the Chinese, but a border agreement was signed between Myanmar and China in 1960. Antigovernment insurgents, active in Kachin State since Myanmar achieved independence in 1948, signed a cease-fire agreement with the government in 1993, but the truce with the largest Kachin militia broke down in 2010 and fighting resumed between the group and government forces.

References in periodicals archive ?
Because of recent escalation of fighting, the number of IDP camps has increased in northern Shan State and Rakhine State and also IDP camps in Kachin State remain.
More than 50 people were reported missing and feared dead after a mudslide buried workers at a jade mine in Myanmar's Kachin state, according to reports Tuesday.
Myanmar refugees in Kachin State gather near their refugee camp in Myitkyina, Kachin state, northern Myanmar.
The $3.6 billion Myitsone Dam project, if built as designed, would flood more than 200 square miles of forestland in Kachin state and export 90 percent of the power produced to China.
Locals from Kachin State - home to Myanmar's largest jade mines - say they are worried for their safety after a villager was injured by dynamite blasts last Saturday.
Born in Myitkyina in the mountainous Kachin State, he belongs to an ethnic minority known as the Kachin.
The area which they call Kachin state is cut off by borders and
Clashes between rebels and the army initially broke out in 2011 in Kachin State after 17 years of cease-fire, Anadolu reported.
In their statement on 23 April, the Kachin Community warned of an escalation in Burma Army military offensives against the country's ethnic groups: "The Burma military is escalating attacks against ethnic groups in the country, including in Rakhine state, Kachin state, Shan state and most recently breaking the ceasefire in Karen state."
GENEVA, May 1 (KUNA) -- The Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar Yanghee Lee, on Tuesday, has expressed grave concerns over a sharp escalation in hostilities in Myanmar's Kachin State, which has reportedly killed at least 10 civilians, left several wounded and forced thousands to flee their homes in the north of the country.
At the gathering in northern Kachin state on Monday, Gen, Hlaing referred to the Rohingya as "Bengalis," a term meant to describe them as foreigners, and said they "do not have the characteristics or culture in common with the ethnicities of Myanmar."
Through various perspectives, the contributing authors demonstrate that the collapse of the ceasefire resulted from a multifaceted deterioration of the situation in Kachin State and that it had become inevitable, at least from the Kachin perspective, by the time that it occurred.