Khachkar

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khachkar

 

(Armenian, “cross-stone”), a medieval Armenian monument, memorial or otherwise, consisting of vertically placed stone slabs with the carved image of a large cross of complex ornamental composition. Khachkars were erected both separately and in groups. They became common in the ninth century and were probably derived from early Christian stelae. Originally monumental in composition, they were later ornamented with delicate openwork patterns in the 12th century.

REFERENCES

Armianskie khachkary. Echmiadzin, 1973. (In Armenian, Russian, and English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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