Kadhimi, Mustafa al-

Kadhimi, Mustafa al-,

1967–, Iraqi journalist, human-rights activist, government official, and political leader, b. as Mustafa Abdul-Latif Mishatat. A Shia Muslim, he opposed President Saddam HusseinHussein, Saddam
, 1937–2006, Iraqi political leader. A member of the Ba'ath party, he fled Iraq after participating (1959) in an assassination attempt on the country's prime minister; in Egypt he attended law school.
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 and left Iraq in 1985, living in Iran and Europe. He was an Iraq editor for a news website and director of the Humanitarian Dialogue Foundation in London. Upon his return in 2003, he helped establish the Iraqi Media Network and was the director of the Iraq Memory Foundation, which documented crimes committed by Hussein's regime. From 2016 to 2020, he headed Iraq's National Intelligence Service. In 2020 he succeeded Adel Abdul-MahdiAbdul-Mahdi, Adel,
1942–, Iraqi political leader. Born into a prominent Shiite family, he joined the Ba'ath party in the early 1960s, then left the party and went into self-exile in France in 1969.
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 as prime minister. A political independent and the third person named to succeed Abdul-Mahdi, he is considered a pragmatist and has mediated among various political factions.
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