The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Russian). (1) [In English, “rostrum.”] In ancient Greece and Rome, a place where rhetoricians and philosophers made their speeches.

(2)[In English, “pulpit.”] An elevated platform from which sermons are delivered in the Christian church. Many pulpits are richly ornamented with carvings, statues, and reliefs. Examples include the pulpit for the baptistery of Pisa (1260, the work of Nicola Pisano) and the pulpit of St. Peter’s Church in Rome (1657–66, the work of L. Bernini).

(3)[In English, “cathedra.”] The chair used by a bishop (or other member of the higher clergy) during the divine liturgy and, in a figurative sense, a diocese (an episcopal district).

(4)[In English, “rostrum.”] In educational institutions, lecture rooms, and assembly halls, the place where the lecturer or speaker delivers his talk.

(5)A kafedra (subdepartment) at an institution of higher learning (or in a fakul’tet, a “department”) is the basic educational and scholarly subdivision. It carries out the educational, methodological, and scientific research work in one or several related disciplines and the teaching work among the undergraduate students, as well as the training of scientific and teaching personnel and the improvement of the qualifications of specialists. As a rule, kafedras are headed by a professor or a doctor of sciences. A kafedra has professors, dotsents, assistants, senior lecturers, senior and junior research associates, and graduate students. Kafedras also have their own training laboratories and offices. Kafedras are charged with conducting lectures, laboratory work, fieldwork, seminars, and other kinds of classes; directing student teaching and on-the-job training, research studies, and course and diploma projects (theses); and conducting course examinations and tests. A distinction is made between general institute-wide (university-wide) kafedras, which encompass the general scholarly disciplines that are studied in all or most of the departments of a higher educational institution, and departmental kafedras, which encompass the specialized disciplines taught in a given department.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scholars also defined important aspects of their exchanges, including definitions of rukovoditel' (graduate advisor, a faculty member), kafedra (essentially a department), fakul'tet (a formally designated group of faculty with similar disciplinary interests), rektorat (administrative official), and doklad (oral presentations and defenses of material).
However, at least one exchange participant who described kafedra, or department meetings of the faculty, as genuinely more intellectual than American departmental meetings, challenged this image.
During a rada of 1670, they had endorsed the idea first put forward by Hetman Mnogogreshnyi of moving the metropolitan kafedra to Chernihiv, which now fell permanently under the tsar's suzerainty--when and if Kyiv returned to Polish control.
Dvornichenko, Kafedra russkoi istorii Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta (1834-2004) (St.
Born in Moscow into an intelligentsia family (his father was a translator of Polish literature and a confidant of Maksim Gor'kii), Viktor Markovich Vitia to his many friends--pursued the study of Russian language and linguistics, receiving both his candidate's and doctoral degrees (1977 and 1992) from the Kafedra of Applied and Theoretical Linguistics, Faculty of Philology, at Moscow State University.
Already during my first encounter with Soviet historians in 1958-59, however, I found that there was plenty of room for controversy, within limits, at the meetings of the kafedra. And there were a few like Petr Andreevich Zaionchkovskii, who took American participants in the exchange under his wing.
Zakharova was acutely aware of her status as a non-Russian in the kafedra of Russian history at Moscow State University.
Tikhomirov, Kafedra novgorodskikh sviatitelei so vremeni pokoreniia Novgoroda Moskovskoi derzhave v 1478 godu do konchiny poslednego mitropolita Novgorodskogo Iova v 1716 godu, vols.
He was also deeply involved in applying quantitative methods to Russian history, as instanced by his friendship and personal collaboration with Ivan Koval'chenko, head of the kafedra of Source Study.