Kaffa


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Feodosiya

Feodosiya (fāˌədôˈsēə), city, E Crimea. From 1954 part of Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), it passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of Crimea. It is a major Black Sea port at the western end of the Feodosiya Gulf. Feodosiya is also a rail terminus. A popular Crimean sea and health resort, Feodosiya has beaches, mineral springs, and mud baths. The city occupies the site of ancient Theodosia, which was founded in the 6th cent. B.C. by Greek colonists from Miletus. Theodosia, noted for its grain exports, was destroyed by the Huns in the 4th cent. A.D.; it existed thereafter as an insignificant village until the Genoese arrived in the 13th cent., established a flourishing trade colony, and virtually monopolized Black Sea commerce. Under their rule, the city was called Caffa or Kaffa and served as the chief port and administrative center of Genoese possessions along the Black Sea coast. The khan of Crimea, an ally of the Turks, conquered the city in 1475; it remained under Turko-Tatar control until Russia's annexation of the Crimea in 1783. In 1802 it was named Feodosiya. German forces captured it twice during World War II. The ruins of the Genoese fortifications still stand.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kaffa

 

the name of the city of Feodosiia from the 13th through 18th centuries, when it was ruled by Genoese merchants.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Henry Yao-hui Wang, chairman of La Kaffa International Co.
Changes were made in the guest rooms and suites, Kaffa Restaurant, the executive lounge, the ballroom, coffee ceremony and public areas.
This shift can be explored through studying the art and culture of Armenian communities such as those in Kaffa in the Crimea and L'vov in Ukraine in the 15th and 16th centuries, or New Julfa in the 17th century.
Tealive operator Loob Holding Sdn Bhd and Taiwan's Chatime owner La Kaffa International Co Ltd have agreed to an out-of-court settlement, after almost two years of dispute involving the Chatime bubble tea brand.
The packages range from sightseeing in Addis Ababa, the diplomatic capital of Africa, to visits to the pre-Christian era obelisks of Axum, the stunning medieval rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, the amazing ninth century mosques of Harar, the majestic castles of Gondar, the stunning source of the Blue Nile, the jaw-dropping Simien Mountains, the splendor of the lake side resorts of Hawassa and Arba Minch, or the unique coffee farms of Kaffa, birth place of coffee, and much much more.
Dr Rakiatou Christelle Kaffa, Minister of Public Service and Administration Reform in Niger, said she saw the event as a knowledge platform where she was able to understand the vision of the world for the future.
During the leaguer of Kaffa, Feodosiya, Ukraine, the Tartars (Mongols), who attacked Kaffain in the 14th century, tossed dead and dying plague victims into the city in an attempt to spread the disease.
In the southern kingdom of Kaffa, contemporary to the highpoint of slavery in Zege, the government would hire sorcerers to identify people as buda, and on these grounds they and their families would be seized and sold into slavery (Fernyhough 2010: 87)
Did you know that the word coffee came from the Kaffa region in Ethiopia, where they grow coffee?
The origin of the Arabic term is uncertain; it is either derived from the name of the Kaffa region in western Ethiopia, where coffee was cultivated, or by a truncation of qahwat Al-bunn.
Coffee drinking originated in Kaffa, Ethiopia, 300 years ago.