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Kagoshima(kä'gō`shĭmä), city (1990 pop. 536,752), capital of Kagoshima prefecture, extreme S Kyushu, Japan, on Satsuma Peninsula and Kagoshima Bay. An important port, it has a navy yard. The city's industries produce Satsuma porcelain ware, textiles, and metal and wood products, and its hot springs make it a popular tourist attraction. It is the seat of two universities and is historically important as the castle town of the Shimazu family and as the birthplace of Takamori SaigoSaigo, Takamori
, 1828–77, Japanese soldier and statesman noted for his obstinate conservatism. He was an early opponent of the Tokugawa shogunate. He was exiled (1859–64) but returned to train Satsuma warriors.
..... Click the link for more information. , Toshimichi OkuboOkubo, Toshimichi
, 1830–78, Japanese statesman. A major figure in the Meiji restoration, he was influential in introducing Western ideas to Japan. He supported the emperor against the shogun and worked to eliminate feudalism.
..... Click the link for more information. , and Heihachiro TogoTogo, Heihachiro
, 1846–1934, Japanese admiral, Japan's greatest naval hero. He studied naval science in England (1871–78), gained international recognition for his service in the First Sino-Japanese War, and contributed greatly to the development of Japanese sea
..... Click the link for more information. . The center of the SatsumaSatsuma
, peninsula, Kagoshima prefecture, SW Kyushu, Japan. It gives its name to a famous porcelain, Satsuma ware, which was first manufactured there by Korean artisans in the 16th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. Rebellion, the city was destroyed in 1877. In 1914 it suffered damage from the eruption of a volcano on SakurajimaSakurajima
, peninsula, Kagoshima prefecture, S Kyushu, Japan, in Kagoshima Bay opposite Kagoshima. Formerly an island, Sakurajima became a peninsula in 1914 when lava from three volcanic cones closed the channel (Mt. Sakurajima is one of the most active volcanoes in Japan).
..... Click the link for more information. , then an island in the bay, and it was bombed (1945) in World War II. It was at Kagoshima that St. Francis Xavier landed in 1549. Kagoshima prefecture (1990 pop. 1,797,766), 3,515 sq mi (9,104 sq km), is largely mountainous, with gold, silver, iron, and copper mines. There is some lumbering and agriculture in the rough interior, while fishing is important along the coast. Kagoshima prefecture is the site of two Japanese rocket launch centers. There also are several national and prefectural parks there.
a prefecture in Japan, on the southernmost part of Kyushy Island. The prefecture includes other islands, such as Koshiki-retto and Osumi. Area, 9, 141.6 sq km; population, 1.7 million (1970, 50 percent urban). Its major city and administrative center is Kagoshima. The primary branch of the prefecture’s economy is agriculture, which is of national significance. Livestock raising predominates; the growing of fruits (tangerines), vegetables, and tobacco is being developed. Kagoshima ranks first in Japan in the yield of sweet potatoes and in the number of cattle (240, 700 head in 1968). Industries include fishing, maritime trade, and forestry. The prefecture also has food-flavoring (53 percent of the industrial manufacturing, 1968), woodworking (15 percent), and textile (7 percent) enterprises.
a city and port in Japan, on the southern part of Kyushu Island on Satsuma peninsula; administrative center of Kagoshima Prefecture. Population, 403, 400 (1970). Transportation junction. Textile (cotton and silk mills), chemical, metallurgical, and food-flavoring industries are located in Kagoshima. Porcelain (Satsuma ware) is also manufactured. There is fishing in the southern Japanese waters. Kagoshima is the site of a university, and there is a center for space research in the region.