Kahneman, Daniel

Kahneman, Daniel,

1934–, Israeli-American psychologist, b. Tel Aviv, Ph.D. Univ. of California, Berkeley, 1961. Born to Lithuanian parents, he spent his youth in France, and immigrated to what soon became Israel in 1948. He has taught at Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (1961–78), the Univ. of British Columbia (1978–86), the Univ. of California, Berkeley (1986–94), and Princeton (1993–, emeritus from 2007). With Amos Tversky (1937–96), with whom he worked very closely for many years, and others, Kahneman did studies that helped lay the foundations for behavioral economics, and developed prospect theory, which attempts to describe how people make choices in the real world when uncertainty is involved but the probabilities of the outcome are known. His work on human judgment and economic decision-making showed that human beings make decisions in irrational ways that vary from that predicted by the standard economic theory of choice. He shared the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Vernon L. SmithSmith, Vernon Lomax,
1927–, American economist, b. Wichita, Kans., Ph.D. Harvard, 1955. He has taught at Purdue Univ. (1955–67), the Univ. of Massachusetts (1968–75), the Univ. of Arizona (1975–2001), George Mason Univ. (2001–8), and Chapman Univ.
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 for his work. In the latter part of his career Kahneman has worked on the nature and causes of happiness. He explores the various aspects of his thought in his book Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011). He was married (1978–2010) to the cognitive psychologist Anne TreismanTreisman, Anne,
1935–2018, British cognitive psychologist, b. Anne Marie Taylor, Ph.D. Oxford, 1962. She taught at Oxford from 1968, the Univ. of British Columbia from 1978, Univ. of California, Berkeley, from 1986, and Princeton from 1993 until her retirement in 2010.
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See M. Lewis, The Undoing Project (2016).

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References in periodicals archive ?
(25) KAHNEMAN, Daniel. Rapido e devagar: duas formas de pensar.
(29) KAHNEMAN, Daniel. Maps of bounded rationality: psychology for behavioral economics.
(72) Tversky, Amos; Kahneman, Daniel. The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice.
Pages 288-300 of: Kahneman, Daniel, & Tversky, Amos (eds), Choices, Values, and Frames.
Kahneman, Daniel; Slovic, Paul and Tversky, Amos, eds.
Amos and Kahneman, Daniel. "Availability: A Heuristic for judging Frequency and Probability." Cognitive Psychology, 1973, 5, pp.