a late Bronze Age (late second millennium to early first millennium B.C.) archaeological culture of tribes in Dagestan and eastern Chechnia. The first remains were excavated near the Kaiakent Station (Dagestan ASSR) and near the village of Khorochoi (Chechen-Ingush ASSR).
The burial complexes are characterized by stone tombs with the dead in a sitting or flexed position, a small number of bronze objects, and modeled pottery decorated with small stuccoed cylinders or strokes in a herringbone pattern. Typical ornaments include bronze temporal pendants, antimony beads, small copper tubes, and cone-shaped pendants, all belonging to a headdress. Farming and livestock breeding formed the basis of the economy of the tribes of the Kaiakent-Khorochoi culture. Metalworking and pottery-making were well developed. Patriarchal tribal kinship relations became firmly established.
REFERENCESKruglov, A. P. “Severo-Vostochnyi Kavkaz vo II—I tys. do n.e..” In Materialy i issledovaniiapo arkheologii SSSR, vol. 68. Moscow, 1958.
Munchaev, R. M. ‘ Arkheologicheskie issledovaniia v Nagornom Dage-stane v 1954 g..” In the collection Kratkie soobshcheniia o dokladakh i polevykh issledovaniiakh Instituta istorii material’noi kul’tury AN SSSR, vol. 71. Moscow, 1958.
Krupnov, E. I. “Kaiakentskii mogil’nik—pamiatnik drevnei Albanii.“In the collection TV. Gosudarstvennogo istoricheskogo muzeia, fasc. 11.Moscow, 1940.
R. M. MUNCHAEV