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(both: kă`sŭng`), Jap. Kaijo, city (1993 pop. 334,433), S North Korea. A long-time commercial center, it is important for its exports of ginseng, a valuable medicinal root. There is also active trade in rice, barley, and wheat. Textiles are made in the city, and there is some heavy industry. A special economic zone where South Korean firms manufacture products for export is there; a highway connects the zone with South Korea. Operations at the facility have been interrupted at times by North-South tensions.

In the 10th cent. Wang Kon, founder of the Koryo dynasty, made Kaesong his capital; the city, then called Songdo, remained Korea's capital until 1392, when the Choson (or Yi) dynasty moved the capital to Seoul. Intersected by the 38th parallel, Kaesong served as the main contact point between North and South Korea from 1945 to 1951 and passed from United Nations to North Korean forces several times during the Korean War. The armistice talks, first held at Kaesong, were later transferred to PanmunjomPanmunjom,
officially Panmunjeom
, village, N South Korea. It lies south of the 38th parallel, the military demarcation line that partitions Korea. In the Korean War the truce negotiations, begun at nearby Kaesong, were moved in Oct.
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 (Panmunjeom). Historic landmarks include the tombs of several Korean kings, the old city walls, and the remains of a royal palace from the Koryo period.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in North Korea, in the southern part of the Korean People’s Democratic Republic (KPDR), near the 38th parallel. Population, 265,000 (1966). Terminus on the Sinuiju-Pyongyang-Seoul-Pusan main railroad line.

Kaesong is an important center for food processing and light industry. It has factories producing textiles, synthetic fibers, rubber footwear, porcelain ware, and other consumer goods. There is a machine-tool plant, a watch factory, and diversified local industry. Kaesong is the center of the main region for cultivating and processing ginseng in the KPDR. The Songdo Institute, a museum, a theater, and a television station are located in the city. During the American aggression against the KPDR (1950–53), Kaesong was the site of negotiations and the signing of a truce agreement.

Kaesong was the ancient capital of the Korean state from the tenth to 14th centuries. In 918 the palace of the Manwoltae rulers was built there (destroyed in 1361); it was surrounded by a fortified wall having 20 gates, including the Gate of Namda-emun (built in 1393, destroyed in 1950–53, and restored in 1955). Other remaining monuments are the pagodas of the Hyonhwa-sa temple (1018) and the Kaengjaeng-sa temple (1348) and a country estate (second half of the 16th century).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in SW North Korea: former capital of Korea (938--1392). Pop.: 621 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Lloyds Energy and China Kaicheng intended to submit a proposal for the development and construction of an integrated LNG hub with storage, liquefaction, regasification and distribution facility, as well as a power plant with capacity of 200 megawatts to 800 MW.
In order to solve problems of licensing issue of mine rescue robot, many enterprises put forward many measures; as mentioned earlier, Changzhou Research and Development Center Co., Ltd., and CITIC Heavy Industries Kaicheng Intelligent Equipment Company have adopted the new product safety sign certification prototype for their robot products, end date "/" in Tables 1 and 2, identified as security certificate for the new product; the "scope" of its "certification product details" says "this certificate is the new product safety certificate.
Caption: Figure 11: CITIC Kaicheng's firefighting robot.
In terms of socio-cultural ethos therefore, India stands as a leader in establishing the norms and practices that dominate managerial practices in the contemporary borderless business environment (Ralston, Holt, Terpstra & KaiCheng 1997).
[2] Lu Kaicheng and Lu Kaiming, Combinatorics, Beijing, Tsinghua Unversity Press, 2002.
The chance of survival was low because of poisonous gas in the tunnel, Song Kaicheng, an engineer with the group that owns the mine, was cited as saying by the official Xinhua News Agency.
(21) In it Fang describes how in the third year of the Kaicheng era (836), he was stranded on a boat on lake Dongting that had been forced by a violent storm to seek shelter near a desolate shore.
Kaicheng reign period, 2nd year, 3rd month, day jiashen [April 29th].
(3.) Incidentally, one important appearance of the fisherman motif not mentioned by Thompson, but largely bearing out his contentions, is the encounter between the figure of Qu Yuan [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and a fisherman in the section of the Chuci [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] known as "Yufu" [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] text in Jin Kaicheng [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] et al., Qu Yuan ji jiaozhu [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (Beijing: Zhonghua, 1996), 758--68.