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see Qayrawan, AlQayrawan, Al
or Kairouan
, city (1994 pop. 102,600), NE Tunisia. It is a sacred city of Islam. Founded in 670 by Uqbah bin Nafi, an Arab leader, it was the seat of Arab governors in W Africa until 800.
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, Tunisia.



a city in eastern Tunisia; administrative center of Kairouan wilayat. Population, 46, 000 (1966). Railroad station and highway junction; it is an important historical and commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has domestic manufacture of carpets and leather goods, as well as enterprises of the food industry.

Kairouan was founded in a.d. 670; in the early eighth century it became the residence of the Umayyad vicegerents in Maghreb. In the eighth century it was twice the center of the rebellious Kharijites. From 800 to 909 it was the capital of the Aghlabite dynasty (this was the city’s zenith). After the capital was moved to Mahdia by the Fatimids, the political significance of Kairouan began to decrease. It long retained its role as Tunisia’s religious, theological, and scientific center. In the 11th century, invading Bedouin devastated the city; it was restored by the Hafsids in the 13th century. In 1881, in spite of stubborn resistance, Kairouan was occupied by French colonizers; since 1956 it has been a part of independent Tunisia. It is a pilgrimage site for Maghreb Muslims.

One of the largest monuments of Moresque architecture—the Great Mosque (Sidi Okba; the foundation was laid in 670, and it was rebuilt in 836; additions were made and restoration carried out in 863, the 13th century, the 14th century, the 17th century, and later), with a many-columned hall, a courtyard surrounded by arcades, and a minaret—is located in Kairouan, as is the Mosque of the Three Doors (866). The city has a museum of Islamic art.


Sebag, P. Le Grande mosque de Kairouan. Paris, 1963.


, Kairwan, Qairwan
a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Pop.: 124 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mercredi, un groupe de 160 touristes chinois est arrive a Kairouan dans le cadre d'un programme de sejour et vacances d'une semaine en Tunisie.
8 thousand) for the maintenance of 12 schools in the Kairouan and Sidi Bouzid regions.
It acquired 30% in the 6,276 sq km Kairouan Nord in partnership with Elf (15%) and ETAP (55%) and later raised its stake to 45% by taking Elf's share.
According to the statement, carried by the Tunisian News Agency (TAP), the four suspects, who were linked to terrorist elements in Libya and others holed up on the heights of Kasserine, were arrested by the Kairouan anti-terror brigade in collaboration with the El-Aouina anti-terror fight directorate.
Appel a tous les musulmans a un rassemblement de protestation et de soutien au porte-parole d'Ansar Asharia Seifeddine Rais, devant le siege d'Ennahda +parti islamiste au pouvoir+ pres de Bab Jalladine" a Kairouan, dans le centre du pays, a annonce ce groupe sur sa page officielle Facebook.
We advise our brothers coming to Kairouan to travel in groups and not to be separated because the agents of the tyrant are blocking most intersections and provoking our brothers by showing their weapons," it said on its Facebook page.
It acquired a 30% holding in the 6,276-sq km Kairouan Nord in partnership with Elf (15%) and ETAP (55%) and later raised its stake to 45% by taking Elf's share.
Kairouan de Jos, who is trained by Gill Duffield and was ridden by Richard Hills, led one and a half furlongs out and won comfortably.
The city of Kairouan was for centuries an important trading centre for the caravans which criss-crossed the Sahara desert.
Des projets de creation de quatre hopitaux regionaux seront lances, au cours de 2018, respectivement a Kairouan, Siliana, Sidi Bouzid et Jendouba, avec des financements du Fonds koweitien pour le developpement economique arabe, moyennant 242 millions de dinars (100 millions de dollars), ainsi que d'un hopital de cancerologie a Tunis, en 2019, pour un cout de 100 millions de dollars.
TAP) -- President of the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA) Wided Bouchamaoui reiterated on Sunday at the 16th congress of the Kairouan URICA, the confederation's rejection of the last minute addition of new articles in the 2018 Finance Law providing for new taxation for enterprises while the latter are already under fiscal pressure.
Les syndicats des forces de securite (police, garde nationale et protection civile) de Kairouan ont observe, avec des membres de la societe civile, ce mardi 3 juin 2014, un mouvement de protestation, rapporte Jawhara Fm.