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see Qayrawan, AlQayrawan, Al
or Kairouan
, city (1994 pop. 102,600), NE Tunisia. It is a sacred city of Islam. Founded in 670 by Uqbah bin Nafi, an Arab leader, it was the seat of Arab governors in W Africa until 800.
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, Tunisia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in eastern Tunisia; administrative center of Kairouan wilayat. Population, 46, 000 (1966). Railroad station and highway junction; it is an important historical and commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has domestic manufacture of carpets and leather goods, as well as enterprises of the food industry.

Kairouan was founded in a.d. 670; in the early eighth century it became the residence of the Umayyad vicegerents in Maghreb. In the eighth century it was twice the center of the rebellious Kharijites. From 800 to 909 it was the capital of the Aghlabite dynasty (this was the city’s zenith). After the capital was moved to Mahdia by the Fatimids, the political significance of Kairouan began to decrease. It long retained its role as Tunisia’s religious, theological, and scientific center. In the 11th century, invading Bedouin devastated the city; it was restored by the Hafsids in the 13th century. In 1881, in spite of stubborn resistance, Kairouan was occupied by French colonizers; since 1956 it has been a part of independent Tunisia. It is a pilgrimage site for Maghreb Muslims.

One of the largest monuments of Moresque architecture—the Great Mosque (Sidi Okba; the foundation was laid in 670, and it was rebuilt in 836; additions were made and restoration carried out in 863, the 13th century, the 14th century, the 17th century, and later), with a many-columned hall, a courtyard surrounded by arcades, and a minaret—is located in Kairouan, as is the Mosque of the Three Doors (866). The city has a museum of Islamic art.


Sebag, P. Le Grande mosque de Kairouan. Paris, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Kairwan, Qairwan
a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Pop.: 124 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The city of Kairouan will also be under the King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud's project to renovate the Uqba bin Nafi Mosque and the ancient city of Kairouan, which has a religious and historical place.
It acquired 30% in the 6,276 sq km Kairouan Nord in partnership with Elf (15%) and ETAP (55%) and later raised its stake to 45% by taking Elf's share.
"Appel a tous les musulmans a un rassemblement de protestation et de soutien au porte-parole d'Ansar Asharia Seifeddine Rais, devant le siege d'Ennahda +parti islamiste au pouvoir+ pres de Bab Jalladine" a Kairouan, dans le centre du pays, a annonce ce groupe sur sa page officielle Facebook.
"We advise our brothers coming to Kairouan to travel in groups and not to be separated because the agents of the tyrant are blocking most intersections and provoking our brothers by showing their weapons," it said on its Facebook page.
After being destroyed during the1969 floods, the railway network in the Governorate of Kairouan will be connectedAa once again to Enfidha city (located 60km up North).
It acquired a 30% holding in the 6,276-sq km Kairouan Nord in partnership with Elf (15%) and ETAP (55%) and later raised its stake to 45% by taking Elf's share.
The name of the ancient Tunisian oasis city of Kairouan means "caravan".
Awqaf bin Nafie and the ancient city of Kairouan, the King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud project for the restoration of Al-Zaytouna Al-Mamoor Mosque and the King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud University Hospital in Kairouan.
Des affrontements ont eclate hier dimanche entre policiers et salafistes dans la banlieue ouest de Tunis ainsi qu'a Kairouan, apres que les autorites ont refuse la tenue du congres du mouvement salafiste jihadiste Ansar Ashri dans cette ville.
Efforts are being stepped up in the Governorate of Kairouan for the construction of several industrial projects that generate employment.
(TAP) - The Interior Ministry published on Sunday details on "the suspicious death" on Saturday in Kairouan of brother of a street vendor.