Kaj Munk

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Munk, Kaj


Born Jan. 13, 1898, in Maribo; died Jan. 4, 1944, in H0rbylunde, near Silkeborg. Danish playwright, poet, and journalist.

After graduating from the department of theology of the University of Copenhagen in 1924, Munk became a parish priest in Western Jutland. He began to write in the 1920’s. His first important work, the play Herod the King (1928), dealt with the subject of good and evil against the background of a biblical theme. In his drama The Word (1925), he asserted the power of religious faith. Munk’s fascination with the idea of a “strong” personality was reflected in his works of the 1930’s and in his support of political dictatorship. The dramas Hamlet (1934), Victory (1936), and The Female Dictator (1938) served as vehicles for his political views. However, in his play He Sits at the Melting Pot (1938), Munk condemned the fascist theories of race.

During the occupation of Denmark, Munk spoke out as an antifascist and patriot. Works of this period include the poetry collections Swear, Young Men! (1941) and The Youthful North (1942), the collections of articles By the Rivers of Babylon (1941) and By the Word’s Sword (1942), and the national historical drama Niels Ebbesen (1942). Munk’s poetry and sermons, which called for resistance, were printed by the underground press. He was killed by the Nazis.


Mindeudgave [vols. 1–9]. Copenhagen, 1948–49.


Kristensen, S. M. Datskaia literatura 1918–52. Moscow, 1963.
Larsen, J. K. Kaj Munk som dramatiker. Copenhagen, 1941.
Brix, H. Hastigt svandt den lyse sommer. Copenhagen, 1946.
Marcussen, O. Kaj Munks bɸger: En bibliografi. Copenhagen, 1945.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"KAJ MUNK, Scandinavia's greatest temporary dramatist, ...
Caption: Kaj Munk's rectory in Vederso, Denmark/ photo by kraen/Flickr
Such an interpretation uncovers new layers of meaning, including the possibility that the depiction of Johannes symbolizes Kaj Munk, the author of the original work upon which the film is based.
Thirdly, it opens up the possibility of Johannes being a kind of stand-in for Kaj Munk, playwright of the eponymous stage play of which Ordet is an adaptation.
She had also seen in her childhood the picture of the Danish leader "Kaj Munk" in a book which showed that he was very badly maltreated by the enemies.
BITMA, Kaj Munks Vej 10, 3.th, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark.
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