Kalach Upland

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kalach Upland

 

hills in the south of the Eastern European Plain, within the Voronezh, Volgograd, and Rostov oblasts, located on the left bank of the Don between the Bitiug and Khoper rivers. Elevations range up to 240 m. The Kalach Upland is composed of Upper Cretaceous (chalk, marl) and Paleogene (clays, sands, sandstones) deposits, covered with glacial deposits and loess-like cover loams. The upland has numerous valleys, ravines, and gulches. The main rivers are left tributaries of the Don, including the Osered’, Tolucheevka, and Pes-kovatka. Soils are ordinary and southern chernozems. Oakgroves have been preserved (including the Shipov Forest). Thesteppes are cultivated; crops include wheat, rye, millet, and sun-flowers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.