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Kalahari(kä'lähä`rē), arid plateau region, c.100,000 sq mi (259,000 sq km), in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa. The Kalahari, covered largely by reddish sand, lies between the Orange and Zambezi rivers and is studded with dry lake beds. Yearly rainfall varies from 5 in. (12.7 cm) in the southwest, where there are active sand dunes, to 20 in. (50.8 cm) in the northeast. Grass grows throughout the Kalahari in the rainy season, and some parts also support low thorn scrub and forest. Grazing and a little agriculture are possible in certain areas. Many game animals live in the Kalahari. Its human inhabitants are mainly SanSan
, people of SW Africa (mainly Botswana, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa), consisting of several groups and numbering about 100,000 in all. They are generally short in stature; their skin is yellowish brown in color; and they have broad noses, flat ears, bulging foreheads,
..... Click the link for more information. , who are nomadic hunters, and KhoikhoiKhoikhoi
, people numbering about 55,000 mainly in Namibia and in W South Africa. The Khoikhoi have been called Hottentots by whites in South Africa. In language and in physical type the Khoikhoi appear to be related to the San (Bushmen), i.e.
..... Click the link for more information. , who are hunters and farmers; Tswana and Herero herders have moved into the area. The Kalahari has become a popular tourist destination; it is the site of the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park (khäl'əkhäd`ē), c.14,000 sq mi (36,250 sq km), in SW Botswana and Northern Cape, South Africa. One of Africa's largest game reserves, it is a sanctuary for the animals and birds of the Kalahari. The park combines South Africa's Kalahari Gemsbok National Park (khĕmz`bôk) (est. 1931) and Botswana's Gemsbok National Park (est. 1938).
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the. an extensive arid plateau of South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana. Area: 260 000 sq. km (100 000 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005