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the site of a Paleolithic settlement in Zambia, near Lake Tanganyika. Excavations in 1953 by J. D. Clark of Great Britain uncovered seven cultural layers from the Acheulean era to the present. Items found in the lower three layers include hand axes, pebble hammers, flake tools, sticks used for digging, and fragments of planed wood and bark, possibly from baskets. Tree trunks and branches laid crosswise, which probably formed dwelling platforms, have been discovered as well as a crude arc made of stone, which was apparently the foundation for a wind screen. Piles of production wastes permit the supposition that a workshop for the manufacture of flint implements existed at Kalambo Falls during the Lower Paleolithic. The radiocarbon method dates the lower layers of the Kalambo Falls site from 57, 000 to 57, 600 years ago.
REFERENCEClark, J. D. The Prehistory of Southern Africa. London, 1959.
a waterfall in East Africa on the Zambia-Tanzania border, located on the Kalambo River, which flowsinto Lake Tanganyika. Height of the falls, 427 m. The waterfallis a tourist attraction.