Aleksei Maksimovich Kaledin

(redirected from Kaledin)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kaledin, Aleksei Maksimovich

 

Born Oct. 12 (24), 1861, in the stanitsa (large cossack village) of Ust’-Khoperskaia, in present-day Serafimovich Raion, Volgograd Oblast; died Jan. 29 (Feb. 11) 1918, in Novocherkassk. Headed the cossack counterrevolution in the Don region in 1917–18. General of cavalry (1917). From the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry).

Kaledin graduated from the Mikhail Artillery College in 1882 and from the Academy of the General Staff in 1889. During World War I, he commanded the XII Army Corps and, from May 1916 to May 1917, the Eighth Army of the Southwestern Front. On June 17 (30), 1917, at the Great Host Council he was elected ataman of the Don Cossack Host and became the head of the counterrevolutionary Don Cossack Host government. In August 1917 at the State Assembly he presented a program for suppressing the revolutionary movement. After the October Revolution he led a counterrevolutionary revolt, the Kaledin Revolt. Defeat forced Kaledin to acknowledge at a session of the Don Cossack Host government on Jan. 29 (Feb. 11), 1918, that the situation was hopeless. He relinquished his powers and on the same day shot himself.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Vice Consul was notified by telephone that evening of the charges, confirmed by letter the following day: "supplying officers with money for the purpose of joining the counter-revolutionary troops of Kaledin and Korniloff in the Don district ...
were willing to voluntarily comply with restricting the sales of soda in schools is a definitive indication that prevention efforts are gaining traction (Kaledin 2009).
Eugenia Kaledin acknowledges that the League "had the most impact on the political lives of middle-class women" in the postwar era by providing an outlet for their humanitarian concerns and an avenue to political education and activism.
There is no acknowledgement of the Jewish background of Jewish feminists, to say nothing of an analysis of the phenomenon, in the following works: Joanne Meyerowitz's Not June Cleaver: Women and Gender in Postwar America, 1945-1960, Wini Breines' Young, White, and Miserable: Growing Up Female in the Fifties, Richard Flacks' Making History: The American Left and the American Mind, and Eugenia Kaledin's, Mothers and More: American Women in the 1950s.
Accessed August 2, 2004; Eugenia Kaledin, Mothers and More: American Women in the 1950s (Boston, 1984), 67.
MacKay); Touring Through Time to the Heart of Back Bay: Boylston and Dartmouth Streets with Copley Square (Margaret Henderson Floyd); Boston's Victorian Authors: Thinkers in the Center of the Planet (Eguenia Kaledin and Mary Melvin Petronella); Black Heritage Trail (Sue Bailey Thurman et al.); Walking with Women in Victorian Boston (Patricia C.
Clover's own biographer Eugenia Kaledin devotes an entire chapter to examining religious, sociological, educational, domestic, familial, psychological, and genetic factors.
(41) Katherine Donoghue, interview by Eugenia Kaledin on 10 December 1982, tape available at the Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Mass.; Catherine Keohane and Elizabeth Linehan, "The Ide O'Carroll Collection," Box 1, Inventory Folder, also available at the Schlesinger Library.