Kalidium

Kalidium

 

a genus of shrubs of the family Chenopodiaceae. The leaves are alternate and have fleshy blades that are often very short or underdeveloped. The bisexual or unisexual flowers are usually gathered in threes and submerged in the fleshy axis of the spikelets, which form the polystachyous inflorescence. The perianth is pentamerous and adnate almost to the top. The fruit is one-seeded and indehiscent.

There are five species of Kalidium, distributed in Europe and Asia. The USSR has four species, which are found in the European part, Southern Siberia, and Middle Asia. They grow in the semidesert and desert zones in salt marshes and along the wet, saline shores of rivers and lakes. The most common species, K. foliatum, forms a thick cover. In the autumn and winter it can be used as feed for camels, sheep, and goats. All species of Kalidium contain potash in their ashes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Zhao E, Zhang F (2012) Overexpression of the halophyte Kalidium foliatum [H.
Seed Germination and Radicle Growth of a Halophyte Kalidium capsicum (Chenopodiaceae).
Effects of cold stratification temperature light and salinity on seed germination and radicle growth of the desert halophyte shrub Kalidium capsicum (Chenopodiaceae).
Tobe K, Li X, Omasa K (2000) Seed germination and radicle growth of a halophyte, Kalidium caspicum (Chenopodiaceae).
2005) from Inner Mongolia (China), where it was found that the major diet of the great gerbil in all seasons consisted only of epidermis and dry and green twigs from species Kalidium spp.
Four native halophyte communities [communities Salicornia europaea (CSE), Suaeda glauca (CSG), Kalidium foliatum (CKF), Sophora alopecuroides (CSA)] and two furrow-irrigated grain fields [corn (CFD), wheat (WFD)] in the Hetao Irrigation District were selected for the study on 9 June 2009 (Fig.
Physico-chemical properties of soils in the Hetao Irrigation District (6 sites x 4 soil layers =24 soil samples and each sample in replicate) Communities: CSE, Salicornia europaea; CSG, Suaedaglauca; CKF, Kalidium foliatum; CSA, Sophora alopecuroides.
The most widespread plant of the barchans is Nitraria schoberi (Zygophyllaceae), while Kalidium spp.
The solonchak deserts found in different regions of Earth are characterized by the presence of chenopodiaceous subshrubs of the genera Halocnemum, Halostachys, and Kalidium.