Kalila and Dimna

Kalila and Dimna

 

a didactic literary work in Arabic and Persian. Kalila and Dimna goes back to the Indian Panchatantra, which was translated into Pahlavi in the sixth century and called Kalila and Dimna (after the two jackals that appear in the first chapter).

An Arabic version was produced in the eighth century by the Persian writer ibn al-Muqaffa; subsequently, it was often put into verse. Persian versifications include a tenth-century version by Rudaki (of which only fragments remain), a version by Nasral-lah Abu al-Maali in 1144, and one by Hoseyn Vaiz Kashifi in the 16th century, The Lights of Canopus.

In 1081, Simeon the son ofSeph translated the Syriac version of Kalila and Dimna into Greek under the title Stephanites kai Ichnelates (The Crowned and the Tracker, an erroneous reading of the Arabic names Kalila and Dimna); subsequently, an Old Church Slavonic version was made from the Greek version. In the 13th century the Arabic version was translated into Spanish and Hebrew. Other translations followed: Latin (14th century), German (1470), and later French, English, and (in 1762) Russian. There are also translations into Turkish, Uzbek, Tatar, Malayan, and other Eastern languages.

Stories from Kalila and Dimna have repeatedly been used in other literary works.

REFERENCES

Kniga Kalîlah i Dimnah. Moscow, 1889. (Translated from Arabic by M. O. Attai and M. V. Riabinina.)
Kalila iDimna. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from Arabic by I. Iu. Krach-kovskii and I. P. Kuz’min, with an introduction and commentary byI. Iu. Krachkovskii.)

M. N. OSMANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Watch Al Hamama Al Mutawwaqa - The Ring Dove story from Kalila and Dimna book at Royal Opera House Muscat Based on the story from the age-old book of fables, Kalila and Dimna, this charming ballet has an endearing cast of characters: a crow, a flock of doves and their queen the ring-dove, a rat, a tortoise and a gazelle.
Inspired by a tale in the age-old book of fables, Kalila and Dimna, Hrant Minas Keshishian has created a charming ballet about the adventures of a dove queen and her friends.
The author also mentioned Kalila wa-Dimna (Kalila and Dimna), the widely circulated collection of Oriental fables of Indian origin, composed in Sanskrit possibly as early as the 3rd century BC, and translated into Arabic in the eighth century by the Persian Ibn Al Muqaffa, a highly educated writer.
When I reached the age of reading (about five or six years old) my mother used to buy books for me — these were fairy tales and fantasy stories, like tales from the Arabian Nights or Kalila and Dimna ; there were also European fairytales and novels translated into Arabic, like "Little Red Riding Hood", Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and The Nutcracker .
It is called Kalila and Dimna after the two jackals that are the main characters.
Kashefi's Anvar-e Sohayli: Rewriting Kalila and Dimna in Timurid Herat
"Mem u Zin" is the story of tragic love following the pattern of Middle Eastern classics as "Kalila and Dimna".
Manama, June 3 (BNA): Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities (BACA) President Shaikha Mai bint Mohammed Al-Khalifa received US Ambassador William Roebuck at Bahrain National Museum and briefed him about " Kalila and Dimna, Fables Across time"
The public are invited by Bahrain's Authority for Culture & Antiquities to enjoy the many historical, educational and art exhibitions being showcased now throughout the kingdom's museums, such as the American temporary 'Kalila and Dimna: Fables across Time Exhibition' and 'Sicily of the Leopard Exhibition' at the national museum.
The museum is currently showcasing The Fables Across Time exhibition, inspired by the famous tale Kalila and Dimna, and Sicily of the Leopard exhibition, which features a range of costumes, headdresses and accessories from Sicily and Europe.
Namak's God (Seyr al-molouk), Crown Anoshirvan's character, Namak traditions, Namak Mazdak, Kalila and Dimna (Ibn al-Nadim, 118: 1366).
Kalila and Dimna or The Fables of Bidpai is one of the literary gems of world culture, having been translated through the centuries everywhere from China to Spain.