Kalim

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kalim

 

(Turkic), bride money paid originally to the kin group of a bride and later to her parents or relatives; payment for the bride by work (in lieu of money) was another form of kalim. The custom of paying kalim arose during the decay of the maternal kinship system and the replacement of matrilocal marriage by patrilocal marriage. Kalim was compensation paid to the bride’s kin group for the loss of a female worker and of the property she took with her to her husband’s kin group. The practice was common among many tribes and peoples of the world, and even today vestiges of the kalim are preserved among a number of peoples in the Orient. In class society a woman actually became the property of the husband upon marriage and payment of the kalim. At the same time, the large size of the kalim made it difficult for poor males to enter into marriage. In Russia, kalim was paid in the past among several peoples of Middle Asia, Siberia, and the Caucasus.

In the USSR, kalim is regarded as a survival of the past that represents a danger to society. In the criminal codes of theRSFSR, Armenian SSR, Kirghiz SSR, Tadzhik SSR, and Turk-men SSR, the payment of kalim is specified as a crime that infringes upon the right of a woman to freely decide the question of marriage.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
PESHAWAR -- A row has erupted over removal of Dr Musa Kalim from the post of chairman of paediatrics department at Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar as dean has asked him to relinquish the position in line with the amended Medical Teaching Institutions Reforms Act, 2015.
Islamabad -- The government has decided to appoint Inspector General of Police (IGP) Motorway, Syed Kalim Imam as IG Sindh.
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SOUTH WAZIRISTAN -- Sardar Kalim Ullah Mehsud has said that if foreign aggression continues across the borders of the country warriors of Mehsud tribe will fight against the aggressors side by side with the Pakistan army.
It is all because his father Kalim, the elder brother of Mumbai captain Wasim Jaffer, has charted a tight daily schedule for his 13- year- old son.
PESHAWAR -- Speakers termed a new Pashto poetry collection by Dr Roshan Kalim Sarhindi a strong voice for women rights in the society.
ISLAMABAD, December 13, 2010 (Balochistan Times): Inspector General Police Islamabad, Kalim Imam said that the services of Pak-army have been hired due to terror bid in the month of Muharram-ul-Haram.
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ISLAMABAD, April 19, 2011 (Frontier Star): Kalim Imam President of Pakistan Tennis Federation has acquired NOC from Interior and Sports Ministries to appoint Indian coach that would leave positive results.