Kalinga

(redirected from Kalinga (province))
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kalinga

 

in antiquity, a kingdom in eastern India (on the territory of modern-day Orissa). Kalinga was conquered by Asoka in approximately 260 B.C. Circa 220 B.C. it became independent once again. It reached its height of development during the rule of Kharavela (second or first century B.C.), who conducted a number of successful military campaigns and subdued even Magadha. Under Kharavela’s successors, Kalinga lost its former power. In the seventh century, according to Hsuan Tsang, the territory of Kalinga became deserted and was overgrown by jungles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.