Kalmar Union

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Kalmar Union,

combination of the three crowns of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, effected at Kalmar, Sweden, by Queen Margaret IMargaret I,
1353–1412, queen of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, daughter of Waldemar IV of Denmark. She was married (1363) to King Haakon VI of Norway, son of Magnus VII of Norway and Sweden.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1397. Because the kingship was elective in all three countries, the union could not be maintained by inheritance. Nationalist forces used the election procedure to modify terms of the union. Margaret's successors controlled Sweden only for brief periods; the accession (1523) of Gustavus IGustavus I
, 1496–1560, king of Sweden (1523–60), founder of the modern Swedish state and the Vasa dynasty. Known as Gustavus Eriksson before his coronation, he was the son of Erik Johansson, a Swedish senator and follower of the Sture family.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as king of Sweden dissolved the union. The union of Denmark and Norway lasted, however, until 1814.
References in periodicals archive ?
She was the queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden and founder of the Kalmar Union, which united the Scandinavian countries for over a century.
The author, Sverre Bagge, covers the changes that took place in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from the formation of the Three Kingdoms until the end of the Kalmar Union in the early sixteenth century.
A final chapter on the later medieval period returns to politics, detailing the events leading up to the 1397 Kalmar Union, the struggles it brought, and its eventual dissolution.
At its peak at the turn of the 18th century, it was one of the most important industries in the Kalmar Union of Norway and Denmark, employing 2,000 people, including many engineers from Germany.
Sands, concerns especially the value of Eric as national saint and--after describing how he attained this role--argues how his image was later employed, at the time of the Danish-ruled Kalmar Union (1397-1523), by both the supporters and the opponents of Swedish participation to it.