Kalmar Union


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Kalmar Union,

combination of the three crowns of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, effected at Kalmar, Sweden, by Queen Margaret IMargaret I,
1353–1412, queen of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, daughter of Waldemar IV of Denmark. She was married (1363) to King Haakon VI of Norway, son of Magnus VII of Norway and Sweden.
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 in 1397. Because the kingship was elective in all three countries, the union could not be maintained by inheritance. Nationalist forces used the election procedure to modify terms of the union. Margaret's successors controlled Sweden only for brief periods; the accession (1523) of Gustavus IGustavus I
, 1496–1560, king of Sweden (1523–60), founder of the modern Swedish state and the Vasa dynasty. Known as Gustavus Eriksson before his coronation, he was the son of Erik Johansson, a Swedish senator and follower of the Sture family.
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 as king of Sweden dissolved the union. The union of Denmark and Norway lasted, however, until 1814.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Most of the research on St Erik has focused on his early veneration up to the end of the thirteenth century, while largely ignoring the time of the Kalmar Union during which this veneration prospered.
1523: Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, breaking the "Kalmar Union" with Denmark and Norway; due to this event, June 6 is now Sweden's national day.
She was the queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden and founder of the Kalmar Union, which united the Scandinavian countries for over a century." The Kingdom of Denmark has over the years developed into one of the most sophisticated countries in terms of social cohesion, equal opportunities, education, innovation, technology and humanitarian aid to less privileged countries, he observed.
The author, Sverre Bagge, covers the changes that took place in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from the formation of the Three Kingdoms until the end of the Kalmar Union in the early sixteenth century.
A final chapter on the later medieval period returns to politics, detailing the events leading up to the 1397 Kalmar Union, the struggles it brought, and its eventual dissolution.
Olesen's "Iceland in the Politics of the Kalmar Union" is so meticulous in outlining the part played by the Hanseatic League that the short shrift given to the English position is likely to leave some readers with a sense of imbalance.
At its peak at the turn of the 18th century, it was one of the most important industries in the Kalmar Union of Norway and Denmark, employing 2,000 people, including many engineers from Germany.