Kalmyk Cattle


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Kalmyk Cattle

 

a breed of beef cattle. Kalmyk cattle were developed by prolonged improvement of cattle brought by nomadic Kalmyk tribes from Western Mongolia about 350 years ago. The breed is noted for its strong constitution and good proportions. The body is of medium length, the chest broad and deep, the withers broad, the spine straight and broad, the rump broad, the legs strong and thin. The color is red of various shades, sometimes with white markings, mottled-red, more rarely rust-colored and mottled-brown. The weight of bulls is 600–800 kg, of cows 420–450 kg. The cattle are not particular about fodder and living conditions; they use winter pastures well, fatten rapidly in the spring and autumn, and maintain their weight well during summer droughts and long winterings. They are distinguished by their ability to fatten rapidly at a young age. By the age of 1 1/2 young bulls left for breeding weigh 450–550 kg, steers 380–420 kg. Fattened steers 16–18 months old yield a carcass with a weight of 190–220 kg. The dressed weight is 57–60 percent. The meat has excellent flavor. Milk yield of the cows is 650–1,000 kg per year. The butterfat content of the milk is 4. 2–4. 4 percent. Bullocks are used as work animals. The Kalmyk breed is raised in the Kalmyk ASSR, Stavropol’ Krai, and Rostov, Astrakhan, Aktiubinsk, and Dzhambul oblasts.

REFERENCES

Skotovodstvo: Krupnyi rogatyi shot, vol. 1. Moscow, 1961.
Narmaev, M. B. Kalmytskii shot i ego sovershenstvovanie. Elista, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the program of the conference, the forum was addressed by: Vadim Zhmaev, the chief specialist of the Department of Livestock and Breeding of the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia, the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Bakhtar Bolayev, the Director of the VNIISMS VNIIMS Sergey Miroshnikov, the General Director of the Voronezhsky LLC of the Vladimir Region Salaudin Akaev, the Deputy Director of the FGBNU FICVIM Andrey Lunitsin, Vice-President of the National Association of Kalmyk Cattle Breeders, Deputy General Director of Agrobusiness LLC Namsyr Mandzhiev, FGBNU researchers "VNIIM PM VM Gorbatov ", specialists of agricultural organizations of RF subjects and others.
Breeding of Kalmyk cattle was performed earlier for the purpose of obtaining a compact fast-gaining type that was considered preferable [14].
Burninova LV, Moiseykina LG, Bagirov VA, Buvaeva NV (2010) Immunogenetic assessment of Kalmyk cattle.
Eremenko VK, Kaumov FG (2005) Kalmyk Cattle and Methods of Improving It.
Gendzhieva OB, Adzhayev VI, Moiseykina LG (2012) Genetic Aspects of Breeding Kalmyk Cattle.
Yusuf Yusufov, head of the department for the development of livestock sectors of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of Dagestan, and Ramazan Mirzaev, deputy of the People's Assembly of the Republic, took part in the VIII Congress of the National Association of Kalmyk Cattle Breeders in Elista.
The next VIII Congress of the National Association of Kalmyk Cattle Breeders will be held on September 18, 2017, in Elista, the Republic of Kalmykia.
It is also planned to give speeches by the heads of the VNIIMS and Povolzhsky Research Institute of Production and Processing of Meat and Dairy Products, and the report of the Director General of the National Association of Kalmyk Cattle Breeders.