(literally “stone grave”), a sandstone monadnock near the village of Terpen’e, in Melitopol’ Raion, Zaporozh’e Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Hundreds of carved figures of animals (bulls, horses, deer, antelope, predators), occasionally of people and of human footprints, and numerous geometric figures and symbols have been preserved on the ceilings of the ancient overhangs and caves and beneath stone slabs. Traces of a red pigment have been preserved in some places. In the opinion of some scholars, the pictures of Kamennaia Mogila date from the period between the end of the Paleolithic and the beginning of the Iron Age; according to other scholars, they are from a period not earlier than the Neolithic.
REFERENCESBader, O. N. “Drevnie izobrazheniia na potolkakh grotov v Priazov’e.” In the collection Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 2. Moscow, 1941.
Formozov, A. P. Ocherki po pervobytnomu iskusstvu. Moscow, 1969.
Rudyns’kyi, M. Ia. KamHana Mohyla. Kiev, 1961.