Kanami

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kan’ami

 

one of the oldest schools of actors in the Japanese no theater. Two members are particularly well known.

Kiyotsugu Kan’ami. Born in 1333; died in 1384. The founder of the school. Kiyotsugu Kan’ami founded the Kanzeza Theater in the city of Iga; in his productions he combined theatrical elements of the 10th-l lth-century sarugaku, of the 11th—16th-century dengaku, and the early-14th-century kusemai, creating a new type of performance—the no theater. He was also an actor and teacher and theorist of theatrical art.

Zeami (Seami) MotokiyoKan’ami. Born in 1363; died in 1443. The son of Kiyotsugu Kan’ami. After his father’s death Zeami directed the Kanzeza Theater. Unlike his father he sought to please the tastes of the aristocracy (the emperor often attended his stage productions). Zeami Kan’ami was an outstanding actor and wrote more than 100 plays for the no theater, distinguished by exceptional refinement. He composed more than 20 treatises on the art of no.

REFERENCES

Nogami, Toyoitiro. Kan’ami Kiyotsugu. Tokyo, 1949.
Kobayasi, Shizuo. Zeami. Tokyo, 1943.
Geinojiten (Dictionary of Theatrical Art). Tokyo, 1962.

L. D. GRISHELEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ryoji Noda, Director, Japan Information Centre, explains that Noh is the oldest existing professional theatre and was created in the Muromachi period by the father -son Kiyotsugu duo, Kan'ami and Zeami.
In an article dealing with the Kyogen aspects within Noh, Koyama Hiroshi indicates two examples of Noh plays, linen Koji and Sotoba Komachi (Komachi on the Stupa), two plays by Kan'ami, Zeami's father and the originator of the Noh, in which the dialogues are quite unusual for Noh and more closely resemble Kyogen.
But some 600 years before Susan Stroman and John Weidman created their vibrant new musical Contact at New York's Lincoln Center and dubbed it a "dance-play," Kan'ami Kiyotsugu and his son, Zeami Motokiyo, created the art form of noh.
At the beginning of Sotoba Komachi ("Komachi on the Stupa"), a Japanese No play written by Kan'ami in the fourteenth century, a priest from Mount Koya is traveling with his attendant toward Kyoto.
Kan'ami, Kiyotsuguoriginal name Yusaki Kiyotsugu also called Miyomaru or Kanze Kiyotsugu (b.
Kan'ami organized a theater group in Obata to perform sarugaku, plays with dialogue, acrobatics, and dances.
(17) No was developed by Kan'ami and his son Zeami during the second half of the fourteenth century.
The school was founded in the 14th century by Kan'ami, who founded the Yuzaki Theatrical Company, the precursor of the Kanze school.
Zeami and his father, Kan'ami, wrote many of the most beautiful and exemplary of No^O texts.
He and his father Kan'ami were the creators of the No^O drama in its present form.
Such plays as Matsukaze ("Wind in the Pines"), written by Kan'ami and adapted by Zeami, have a mysterious stillness that seems to envelop the visible or audible parts of the work.