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Luluabourg(lo͞olwäbo͞or`), city (1984 pop. 298,693), capital of Kasai-Central prov., S central Congo (Kinshasa), on the Lulua River. It is the commercial and transportation center of a region where cotton is grown and diamonds are mined. The city was founded in 1884 by the German explorer Hermann von WissmannWissmann, Hermann von
, 1853–1905, German explorer in Africa. He crossed (1880–82) Africa from Luanda to Zanzibar and, on behalf of Leopold II of Belgium, explored (1883–85) the Kasai River system in the Congo basin.
..... Click the link for more information. . In 1895, Batetela troops stationed there revolted after their chief was executed by authorities of the Belgian-run Independent State of the Congo. At first successful, the mutineers were finally defeated in 1901. Kananga grew rapidly in the early 20th cent. with the coming of the railroad. Many Luba people settled there and became economically dominant over the indigenous Lulua people. After the Congo achieved independence (1960), there were violent clashes between the Luba and Lulua, and many Luba fled to the short-lived (1960–61) Mining State of South KasaiKasai
, former province, c.124,000 sq mi (321,160 sq km), S central Congo (Kinshasa). Luluabourg (present Kananga) was the capital. Between the Kasai and the Sankuru rivers the Kuba kingdom of the Shongo people existed from the early 17th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . In 1961–62, the city was held by rebel troops from the former Équateur prov.
a city in the SW Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Za?re): a commercial centre on the railway from Lubumbashi to Port Francqui. Pop.: 424 000 (2005 est.)