Kanauj

Kanauj

or

Kannauj

(both: kənouj`), town (1991 pop. 58,932), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ganges River. It is a market center for tobacco, perfume, and rose water. A very ancient town and a center of Brahmanic culture, its name was Kanyakubja. Called Kanogiza by Ptolemy, it was important during Gupta empire (320 B.C.–A.D. c.480). Later, Kanauj was a brilliant cultural center and the capital of HarshaHarsha
, b. c.590, Indian emperor (606–47). He became (606) king of a small state in the upper Ganges Valley, and by 612 he had built up a vast army with which he forged nearly all India N of the Narmada River into an empire.
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's empire in the 7th cent. In the 9th cent. it became the capital of the Pratihara empire. During that period, it was famous for its poets. Kanauj declined after being conquered by Turkish tribes under Mahmud of GhaznaMahmud of Ghazna
, 971?–1030, Afghan emperor and conqueror. He defeated (c.999) his elder brother to gain control of Khorasan (in Iran) and of Afghanistan. In his raids against the states of N India, Mahmud, a staunch Muslim, destroyed Hindu temples, forced conversions to
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 in 1018.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lucknow, May 26 ( ANI ): Dimple Yadav, wife of Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav would be representing the Samjawadi Party (SP) from Kanauj in the by-elections.
ENVIRONMENT minister Jairam Ramesh has directed the Central Pollution Control Board ( CPCB) to issue notices and close all polluting industries along the Ganga from Kanauj to Varanasi if they do not comply with environmental regulations.
The 1997 volume follows the same pattern: three chapters on history writing about the Imperial Guptas, two on the early Kanauj empires, and one on the dynasties of the Deccan and the Far South.
The Gurjara Pratiharas are for Atherton an important dynasty that from the mid-eighth to the first quarter of the ninth century dominated the area of Marudesa, and then moved their capital east to Kanauj (on the Ganges in modern Uttar Pradesh) in the second quarter of the ninth, from which place they briefly dominated much of north India.
As Shankar Goyal notes, the reign of King Harsa of Kanauj (r.