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Kandalaksha(kəndəläk`shə), Finnish Kannanlahti, city (1989 pop. 54,000), NW European Russia, on the Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea. It is a seaport and has aluminum plants and hydroelectric stations. A settlement at the present site was known to the Vikings.
a city in Murmansk Oblast, RSFSR. A port on the White Sea, located where the Niva River flows into Kandalaksha Bay. Kandalaksha is a station on the Murmansk-Leningrad railroad line 277 km south of Murmansk. Population, 43, 000 (1970). Kandalaksha has aluminum, mechanical, motor-vehicle overhauling, and fish-canning plants, as well as a timber combine, railroad transport enterprises, and a hydroelectric power plant. Kandalaksha has been known since the 11th century and became a city in 1938.