Kandalaksha Bay

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kandalaksha Bay

 

a bay of the White Sea between the Kandalaksha and Karelian coasts. Length, 185 km; width, at the entrance, 67 km. It is divided into two regions: Kandalukha, the western, shallow part (maximum depth, 40 m); and Kandalaksha Bay proper, the eastern, deep part (including the greatest depths of the White Sea, up to 330 m). The coasts are rocky, strongly dissected, and edged by many small islands, reefs (ludy), and sandbars. The Niva and Kovda rivers empty into it. In summer the surface temperature of the water reaches 18. 5°C;in winter it ranges from — 1° to 1. 5°C. Between mid-Novemberand May the greater part of the bay is frozen over. In winter thesalinity is from 27–29 parts per thousand in summer, from 0% to 20–25 %o. The tide occurs twice daily, reaching 2. 2 m. Currents are unstable, ranging from 20 to 30 cm/sec. The bay’sherring, cod, and ringed seal provide the base for a maritimeindustry. Kandalaksha, Kovda, and Umba are the main ports onthe bay, and the Kandalaksha Preserve is situated on its islandsand coast.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Kandalaksha Bay in the White Sea, where our study was conducted, is a mussel-rich area, with mussel biomass in the beds approaching dozens of kilograms per square meter (Lukanin, 1985).
These three localities are generally characterized by regular semidiurnal tides and salinities common in the Kandalaksha Bay: 21-22 PSU (practical salinity unit) (Sukhotin and Berger, 2013; Katolikova et al., 2016).
femoratum were collected from Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea along with a colony of hydroids, Ectopleura larynx (Ellis & Solander, 1786), on which they were living and feeding.
Pelagic larvae of bivalves in the Meroplankton of the Velikaya Salma Inlet, Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea.
By the beginning of the 17th century, 196 fishery huts accommodated approximately 1200 fisherman along the coasts (Ushakov, 1984), and over time the term "Pomor" was applied to this coastal group of Russians in the vicinity of Kandalaksha Bay (Bernshtam, 1984).
The letter said that greenshank DN86741 was killed in the Chupa Kandalaksha Bay on the White Sea in northern Russia close to the border with Finland.
Marine and brackish-water centrohelids (Centroheliozoa, Sarcodina) of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea.
As part of a survey of the marine fauna of the White Sea, zooplankton samples were collected at several sites, one of them being Kandalaksha Bay (Fig.
Material Examined: Holotype: adult female from Kandalaksha Bay (66[degrees]34'N, 33[degrees] 08'E), White Sea, northern Russia, undissected, ethanol-preserved.
The reproductive development of the Demospongiae species Halisarca dujardini (Halisarcida), Myxilla incrustans and Iophon piceus (Poecilosclerida) from Chupa Inlet (Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea) was studied histologically during 1982-1994 and 1997.
Seasonal sampling was performed in the Chupa Inlet located in the innermost part of the Kandalaksha Bay, the White Sea (Fig.
Except for the open part of the Kandalaksha Bay, Chupa Inlet is characterized by reduced salinity.