Kandalaksha Bay

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kandalaksha Bay

 

a bay of the White Sea between the Kandalaksha and Karelian coasts. Length, 185 km; width, at the entrance, 67 km. It is divided into two regions: Kandalukha, the western, shallow part (maximum depth, 40 m); and Kandalaksha Bay proper, the eastern, deep part (including the greatest depths of the White Sea, up to 330 m). The coasts are rocky, strongly dissected, and edged by many small islands, reefs (ludy), and sandbars. The Niva and Kovda rivers empty into it. In summer the surface temperature of the water reaches 18. 5°C;in winter it ranges from — 1° to 1. 5°C. Between mid-Novemberand May the greater part of the bay is frozen over. In winter thesalinity is from 27–29 parts per thousand in summer, from 0% to 20–25 %o. The tide occurs twice daily, reaching 2. 2 m. Currents are unstable, ranging from 20 to 30 cm/sec. The bay’sherring, cod, and ringed seal provide the base for a maritimeindustry. Kandalaksha, Kovda, and Umba are the main ports onthe bay, and the Kandalaksha Preserve is situated on its islandsand coast.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tests of pacing characteristics of the current prototype of the pacing base station were conducted under different bottom conditions at a depth of up to 20 m in the Kandalaksha Gulf of the White Sea (Fig.