Kanem


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Kanem

(känēm`), former empire in Africa in the areas near Lake Chad that are now part of Chad and N Nigeria. The empire began in the 9th cent., when the Sefawa migrated to the area from the Sahara. The rulers eventually embraced Islam and extended their control to neighboring BornuBornu
, former Muslim state, mostly in NE Nigeria, extending S and W of Lake Chad. It began its existence as a separate state in the late 14th cent. From the 14th to the 18th cent. Bornu exported slaves, eunuchs, fabrics dyed with saffron, and other goods to N Africa.
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. After attacks by the Bulalas forced the rulers of Kanem to shift their capital to Bornu (c.1380), Bornu gradually emerged as the center of a revitalized empire of which Kanem became a protectorate.
References in periodicals archive ?
A well-known letter written by the Mai of Kanem to the Mamluk Sultan Barquq in 1392 complaining of the incursions of his Arabs into the Mai's domains confirms that Arabs were there in large numbers.
Malloum Abakar Kaya, Association to Fight Malnutrition in Kanem
It was a continuation of the great Kanem Empire founded centuries earlier by the Sayfawa Dynasty.
In Chad, prevalences of tuberculin-positive cattle are 0.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.2%-1.4%) in the east (Ouaddai region) (1) and 16.9% (95% CI 10.4%-23.5%) in the west (Chari-Baguirmi and Kanem regions) (2).
Friends and relatives, market women, as well as Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) particularly The Kanem Women, have been cited as important informal channels of information.
In accounts of the royal pilgrimages of Kanem and Borno and of the celebrated controversy between Belo and al-Kanami, Bawuro Barkindo and Louis Brenner discuss the legitimating role of Islamic orthodoxy, while Murray Last's fine analysis of a dispute in Sokoto illustrates, like much of Michael's work, how the ruled can turn the legitimating claims of the rulers against the latters' abuses.
'Countries that want to tackle economic inequality can start by tackling other inequalities, such as in reproductive health and rights, and tearing down social, institutional and other obstacles that prevent women from realizing their full potential,' Dr Kanem said.
The Caliphate, known as the Kanem Empire and, its successor, the Borno Empire, spanned from present-day Nigeria to Libya and had diplomatic and trade relations with other states as distant as Ottoman Turkey.
According to the Dhaka Tribune, She made the announcement during her meeting with UN Under Secretary General and Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Dr Natalia Kanem.
Natalia Kanem on the occasion of the marking of International Women's Day.
Natalia Kanem: 'UNFPA is fully committed to continuing to support countries' efforts to uphold the right of individuals, especially women, to plan a family.
Natalia Kanem, UNFPA executive director, as well as Mohamed Ali Alhakim, the executive secretary of ESCWA are scheduled to attend the conference.