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a peninsula in the northern European part of the USSR, in Arkhangel’sk Oblast, RSFSR. The peninsula separates the northern part of the White Sea from the shallow Cheshskaia Guba of the Barents Sea; it has an area of about 10, 500 sq km. In the extensive northern part is a plateaulike mountain ridge, Kanin Kamen’, composed of crystalline schists, with elevations up to 242 m. To the northwest the peninsula ends in the rocky cape Kanin Nos; to the southeast, in the Mikul’kin Cape. The rest of the peninsula is monotonous, flat, low-lying and marsh-ridden tundra plain, composed of washed-up glacial and marine deposits with individual moraine hills 70–80 m high. There is fishing and trapping of aquatic animals off the coast.