Kanishka


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Kanishka

(kənĭsh`kə), fl. c.A.D. 120, king of GandharaGandhara
, historic region of India, now in NW Pakistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Taxila and Peshawar as its chief cities. It was originally a province of the Persian Empire and was reached (327 B.C.) by Alexander the Great.
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. He was the most powerful and renowned ruler of the Kushan dynasty, one of the five tribes of the Yüeh-chih who had divided (1st cent. B.C.) Bactria among them. Earlier Kushan kings had extended their dominion into N India, and Kanishka ruled over an empire that stretched from the Pamirs to Bengal. His capital was at Peshawar. A patron of Buddhism, he built many Buddhist monuments, helped found the Gandharan school of sculpture, and encouraged the spread of Buddhism to central Asia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kanishka

 

King of the Kushan Empire from a. d. 78 to a. d. 123 (dates vary) who conquered nearly all of northern India.

Kanishka transferred the political center of the state to Puru-shapura (present-day Peshawar, Pakistan). A process of Indiani-zation of the Kushan conquerors began during Kanishka’s reign; he himself is known to have been a Buddhist. Kanishka’s rule coincided with the flowering of economic and cultural life in northern India and Central Asia; in addition, trade with China and the Roman Empire (the Great Silk Route and sea trade) grew to great proportions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the days of King Kanishka in the first century of the Common Era, Buddhist pilgrims came from all over the eastern world to pray at the site and visit the Buddha's begging bowl on the hilltop.
The workplace culture at Airtel Sri Lanka is a part of our legacy and is influenced by the notion that a company is only as good as its people." commented Head of Human Resources at Airtel Lanka, Kanishka Ranaweera.
The complaints of two young cricketers- Kanishka Gaur and Shivam - were annexed along with the letter of BCCI.
One of the most famous surviving pieces currently in Kabul Museum is the Rabatak inscription of King Kanishka. Mohammad Yahya Mohebzada, deputy head of Kabul Museum, told Arab News that prior to the Afghan civil war, museum staff had suggested moving the precious Tilla Tepe gold and jewelry collection along with other valuable items to a safe area in the presidential palace for protection.
government, arguing it should not be held responsible if it accidentally shipped products that violated an export ban to some Chinese companies, Kanishka Singh, Caroline Stauffer and Sijia Jiang of Reuters reported, citing court filings.
The Kushan Empire formed by Yuezhi in the early 1st century spread to encompass much of Afghanistan and then the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent where inscriptions have been found dating to the era of the Kushan Emperor Kanishka, who was a great patron of Buddhism.
'India's involvement in terrorist attacks is nothing new for the Sikh community as it has suffered numerous terrorist attacks planned and carried out by the Indian intelligence agencies including 1985 Air India (Kanishka) bombing in Canada,' the SFJ Communique further states.
SFJ, which is running a secessionist campaign "Referendum 2020" to liberate Punjab from Indian occupation, in its January 12th communiqueacute to Yao Jing, stated, "For the last three decades India is working to disturb the peace, security and stability of the region involving China, Afghanistan and Pakistan through waging proxy wars and unleashing terrorism in foreign lands." "India's involvement in terrorist attacks is nothing new for the Sikh community as it has suffered numerous terrorist attacks planned and carried out by the Indian intelligence agencies, including 1985 Air India (Kanishka) bombing in Canada," the SFJ communiqueacute stated.
They include Kaushal Vidyarthi, Kanishka Singh, Alankar Sawai and Sachin Rao.
Devanshu Joshi claimed three wickets while Kumudu Kanishka took two.