South Korea

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South Korea:

see under KoreaKorea
, Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. A peninsula, 600 mi (966 km) long, Korea separates the Sea of Japan (called the East Sea by Koreans) on the east from the Yellow Sea (and Korea Bay [or West Korea
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Korea, South

Official name: Republic of Korea

Capital city: Seoul

Internet country code: .kr

Flag description: White with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field

National anthem: “Aegukga” (Love the Country)

National flower: Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus Syriacus L.)

Geographical description: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

Total area: 38,022 sq. mi. (98,477 sq. km.)

Climate: Temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

Nationality: noun: Korean(s); adjective: Korean

Population: 49,044,790 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Korean; small Chinese minority

Languages spoken: Korean, English

Religions: Christian 26.3% (Protestant 19.7%, Roman Catholic 6.6%), Buddhist 23.2%, other or unknown 1.3%, none 49.3%

Legal Holidays:

Assumption DayAug 28
Children's DayMay 5
Independence Movement DayMar 1
Liberation DayAug 15
Memorial DayJun 6
National Foundation DayOct 3
New Year's DayJan 1
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.

South Korea

a republic in NE Asia: established as a republic in 1948; invaded by North Korea and Chinese Communists in 1950 but division remained unchanged at the end of the war (1953); includes over 3000 islands; rapid industrialization. Language: Korean. Religions: Buddhist, Confucianist, Shamanist, and Chondokyo. Currency: won. Capital: Seoul. Pop.: 47 950 000 (2004 est.). Area: 98 477 sq. km (38 022 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
See Kim Don-myou, "Zainichi Chosenjin no daisan no michi" [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], in Zainichi Kankoku, Chosenjin: Sono Nihon shakai ni okeru sonzaikachi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], ed.
In 1973, Chi began writing a column called ''Kankoku Kara no Tsushin'' (Reports from South Korea) under the pseudonym ''T.K.'' in the magazine Sekai at the request of the late Ryosuke Yasue, then editor-in-chief.
(Summary of '''Tai-Kita yuwa' de han-Nichi, han-Bei no Kankoku ni mirai wa aru ka,'' Seiron, March 2003.)
In 1949, the South Korean government issued a national registration certificate to its nationals abroad, and demanded that the Japanese government and the Occupation authorities use Kankoku, ROK, instead of Chosen, since the latter was used in the name of the DPRK, Chosen Minshushugi Jinmin Kyowakoku, and was also the name which had been given by the Japanese colonial authorities to Korea as in Chosen Sotokufu, the Government-General of Korea.
Zainichi Kankoku Chosenjin no Shuggyo Sabetsu to Kokaseki J ok (Discrimination Against Koreans in Employment and the Nationality Clause).
Since 1950, the government has recognized those wishing to shift their status from ''Chosen seki'' to ''Kankoku (South Korea) seki.'' Its interpretation is that the latter is ''South Korean nationality'' while ''Chosen'' is not.