Kanpur

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Kanpur

(kän`po͝or), city (1991 pop. 2,029,889), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ganges River. A major industrial center, it produces chemicals, textiles, leather goods, and food products. It is also a transportation hub with an airport. There are educational institutions in engineering and agriculture, an experimental farm, and a technology institute. Kanpur was a village until its cession to the British in 1801 by the Nawab of Oudh. During the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
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 (1857), Nana Sahib, whose pension claim had been rejected, slaughtered the entire British garrison, including women and children.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kanpur

 

a city in northern India in the state of Uttar Pradesh, situated on the right bank of the Ganges. Population, 1. 3 million (1971).

Kanpur’s location in the central part of the Ganges valley hashelped to transform it into an important transportation hub andnorthern India’s largest center of industrial factories and plants. The city’s major industries are textiles (mainly cotton, but alsowool) and leather footwear. Machine building (railroad cars), the chemical industry (a chemical fertilizer plant was built in1968 that produces mainly urea), and metalworking are beingdeveloped in the city. There is an industry in food and condiments, there are a number of repair shops, and handmadebrushes are produced in homes for market sale. There has beena university in Kanpur since 1966.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Kanpur

an industrial city in NE India, in S Uttar Pradesh on the River Ganges: scene of the massacre by Nana Sahib of British soldiers and European families and his later defeat by British forces in 1857. Pop.: 2 532 138 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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An international conference on the 20th anniversary of the tragedy, Bhopal and Its Effects on Process Safety, will be held 1-3 December 2004 at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur, India, with a visit to the Bhopal plant planned on 4 December for those who are interested; details are available online (http://www.iitk.ac.in/infocell/ announce/bhopal).
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