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see GansuGansu
or Kansu
, province (2010 pop. 25,575,254), 141,000 sq mi (365,284 sq km), NW China. The capital is Lanzhou. Gansu is bordered by the Republic of Mongolia on the north. Its mountains include part of the Nanshan range and an extension of the Kunlun.
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, China.



a province in northern China. Area, 530,000 sq km; population, 12.7 million (1972). Its administrative center is Lanchou.

The terrain is primarily mountainous. In the north, the eastern part of the Bei Mountains reaches an altitude of 2,791 m, and slightly to their south is the northeastern part of the Nan Mountains, over 5,000 m high. In the southern part of the province are spurs of the Min and Qinling (Tsinling) mountains and, in the extreme eastern part, the western edges of the Loess Plateau. The climate is continental. The average yearly precipitation is 150-400 mm but reaches 600 mm in the southeast. The northern areas of the province are part of the landlocked regions of Central Asia, the central areas are drained by the Huang Ho and its tributaries, and the south belongs to the Yangtze Basin. The prevailing kinds of landscape are mountain-steppe and mountain-desert.

Kansu is an agrarian, chiefly farming, region. Artificial irrigation has been used from earliest times on its territory, in the upper Huang Ho Valley. This valley and the intermontane depression known as the Ho-hsi Corridor, providing an ancient route long linking northeast and northwest China, are the most agriculturally developed areas of the province. About 11 percent of the total land area of Kansu is plowland. The main food crops include wheat (representing 40 percent of the sown area), millet, kaoliang, corn, and barley. Industrial crops like sugar beets, tobacco, and cotton are also important. Nomadic livestock breeding predominates (sheep, as well as cattle, yaks, camels, and horses).

The extraction and refining of oil, centered on Yümen, has been developed. There is some mining of coal and of copper and iron ore as well. The province’s other leading industries include chemicals, metalworking, and the production of fissionable materials. The main industrial center and a transportation center of national significance is Lanchou.


The territory of Kansu was conquered by the Chinese in the third and second centuries B.C. It was organized as a province from the former regions of Ch’ing Yuan, Lingchao, and Fun in the 13th century. From the end of the 14th century, the province was subordinated to the administration of Shensi province, but after the second half of the 17th century it was again put under the direct administration of the central government of China. From 1862 to 1874, Kansu was the arena for the massive popular uprising of the T’ung-kans (Dungans) and was devastated by the government’s suppression of that revolt. With the establishment of the Kuomintang government in China, 15 districts were separated from Kansu and organized into the separate provinces of Ch’inghai and Ningsia in 1928. From 1928 to 1931 there was another massive uprising of T’ung-kan peasants. From 1936 to 1948, the northeast part of the province was incorporated into the Border Region of Shensi-Kansu-Ningsia, where the headquarters of the democratic forces of the country, led by the Chinese Communists, was located. In October 1949, the territory of Kansu was freed by the National Liberation Army of China from the armies of the Kuomintang reactionaries.



, Kansu
a province of NW China, between Tibet and Inner Mongolia: mountainous, with desert regions; forms a corridor, the Old Silk Road, much used in early and medieval times for trade with Turkestan, India, and Persia. Capital: Lanzhou. Pop.: 26 030 000 (2003 est.). Area: 366 500 sq. km (141 500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Kansu was dismissed from the private ATV television with the explanation that it did not find her way of presentation in line with the Veliaht show.
Show producers initially tried to conceal the incident by claiming Kansu would not take part in a forthcoming episode of the programme because of her "busy schedule".
Three substantial chapters present the history of the Western Ch'in era (385-421 AD) and the primary sources on Buddhism remaining from that era, a full analysis of the bronze Buddha altar with canopy found in eastern Kansu in 1976, and five-Buddha and multiple Buddha groupings throughout China and Central Asia in the early period.
THY's Director in Sarajevo Kansu said Turkish citizens could visit Bosnia-Herzegovina without visa and THY had Istanbul-Sarajevo flights five days a week.
crispa (Afghanistan to Kansu Province in China; Stuart, 2006).
The works on display are the creation of Katerina Attalidou, Inci Kansu, Stella Angelidou, Ismet Tatar, Tatiana Ferahian and Vicky Pericleous who have offered pieces illustrating different aspects of the Cyprus problem and of the country's history and identity.
Investigation of the biological properties of Central Asian seabuckthorn growing in the province of Kansu, China.
We look forward to the third volume "which will focus on eastern Kansu in the Sixteen Kingdoms Period (317-439) and will deal largely with the early cave temples in that area".
Beginning in 635 CE the Tibetans attacked China and eventually all of Kansu and vast regions of Szechuan and northern Yunnan.
We are especially grateful to Sadullah Kansu and staff of the Kuwait Turkish Evkaf Finance House for providing key data used in this study.
Arctosa cervina: holotype female, PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA: South Kansu (=Jansu): Tan-chang (ca.