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Immanuel . 1724--1804, German idealist philosopher. He sought to determine the limits of man's knowledge in Critique of Pure Reason (1781) and propounded his system of ethics as guided by the categorical imperative in Critique of Practical Reason (1788)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an urban-type settlement, administrative center of Kant Raion, Kirghiz SSR. Situated in the Chu Valley. Kant has a railroad station 20 km east of the city of Frunze. Population, 22,500 (1971). A cement and slate combine and sugar and overhaul-machinery plants are there.



(from Latin cantus, “singing”), a type of many-voiced song dealing with everyday events prevalent in Russia, the Ukraine, and Byelorussia in the 17th and 18th centuries. Initially kanty were based on religious texts and thus were confined to monasteries and clerical circles.

The poetic style of the kant is derived from literature and not from the folk song. In the 17th century texts by S. Polotskii, E. Slavinetskii, D. Rostovskii, and other representatives of syllabic poetry, were set to music to create kanty. The texts and melodies existed in many variants; they were recorded in manuscript collections that were widely disseminated. The musical style of the kant is characterized by three-voice exposition with parallel movement of the upper voices and a common-time strophic form. They were performed a cappella by an ensemble of singers or a chorus. Their intonational structure represents a fusion of elements of the znamennyi chant, Russian and Ukrainian folk songs, and Polish melodic systems.

Kanty with patriotic, domestic, and romantic-lyrical themes appeared in the 18th century; salutatory and panegyrical kanty with fanfare-like melodic phrases, the grand rhythms of the polonaise, and exultant roulades were typical of the Petrine era. The kant became the favorite form of music of the urban strata of the population. The lyrical kanty incorporated elements from popular dance forms, primarily the minuet. While texts by V. K. Trediakovskii, M. V. Lomonosov, and A. P. Sumarokov are known, the authors and composers of most kanty remain anonymous.


Findeizen, N. F. Ocherki po istorii muzyki v Rossii, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1928–29.
Livanova, T. N. Russkaia muzykaVnaia kuVtura XVIII veka …, vol. 1. Moscow, 1952.
Pozdneev, A. V. “Rukopisnye pesenniki XVII-XVIII vekov.” Uch. zapiski Moskovskogo zaochnogo ped. in-ta, 1958, vol. 1.
Keldysh, Iu. V. Russkaia muzyka XVIII veka. Moscow, 1965.
Keldysh, Iu. V. “Ob istoricheskikh korniakh kanta.” In the collection Musica antiqua Europae Orientalis, vol. 2. Bydgoszcz, 1969.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Participants were instructed to estimate the duration of a task of writing a summary, which we revised from Kanten (2011).
For the mushroom terrine: 1/2 cup olive oil 1/2 pound coarsely chopped hen-of-the-woods mushrooms 3/4 pound coarsely chopped black trumpet mushrooms 3 cups mushroom stock, from above 3 tablespoons kanten flakes* Salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste
It is used as a setting agent and is common in Japanese cooking where it is also called kanten or grass jelly.
(33.) Mitsuhiro Fukao, "1980 nendai kouhan no shizaikakaku baburu hassei to 90 nen dai no fukyo no genin: Kinyushisutemu no kinufuzen no kanten kara" [The outbreak of assets bubble in the late 1980s and the cause for the recession in the 1990s: Dysfunctional financial system].
That would be Wanda Kanten Hartfield playing a restored harmonium at 12:30 p.m., 1:30 p.m.
Ook deze verhalen en romans droegen bij tot de constructie van het--overigens uiterst rekbare--Afrikaner-nationalistische discours, met al zijn mooie en minder mooie kanten. Als aangenomen mag worden dat ze dus niet in strijd waren met het heersende discours, resteert de door Henriette Roos terecht opgeworpen vraag waarom de romans van de eerste Afrikaanse schrijfsters (na een aanvankelijk welwillend onthaal omdat het hier nu eenmaal ging om het werk de eerste vrouwelijke auteurs in een jonge literatuur) uit de canon zijn verdwenen.
Wij worden langs aile kanten gediscrimineerd (De Standaard 28 decembre 2002).
(119) Van der Woude, 127: "Hij is in deze jaren aan alle kanten in strijd gewikkeld.
Alen Boksic, Tony Vidmar, Arthur Bernhardt, Sergio Van Kanten
Kanten, president of Park City, Utah-based KCI (Kanten Communications International), says writing can be taught asynchronously, or with the time delays that come with the use of email and voicemail.
STAFFED BY: Pam Kanten, president; and Mike Bear, national sales manager